4 myths about cholesterol

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A healthy diet and regular exercise can help reduce blood cholesterol levels. It is important to keep cholesterol levels under control because high levels increase the risk of heart disease and stroke. If you’re worried about high cholesterol, talk about this with your doctor.


1. Overview
2. Foods high in cholesterol
3. Myth – Eggs are harmful
4. Myth – Children can have high cholesterol
5. Myth – Healthy food for the heart has no cholesterol
6. Myth – Cholesterol is always harmful

Foods high in cholesterol

Some foods contain cholesterol, which is called dietary cholesterol. Some foods that are high in cholesterol include kidneys, eggs and prawns.

The cholesterol found in food composition is much weaker, in terms of effects on blood cholesterol levels, than the amount of saturated fat consumed by a person. If your doctor recommended dietary changes to reduce blood cholesterol, the most important thing is to decrease the amount of saturated fat in the diet. A good idea would be to increase intake of fruits, vegetables and fiber.

Myth – Eggs are harmful

It is true that eggs contain much dietary cholesterol (200 mg, while the recommended daily limit is of 300 mg). However, dietary cholesterol is not as dangerous as previously thought. Only a part in this type of cholesterol contributes to the buildup of cholesterol in the blood, and if dietary cholesterol intake increases, the body will compensate by producing smaller amounts of cholesterol.

If you will not exaggerate and not eat more than two to three eggs per week, cholesterol levels won’t be influenced in negative terms. In fact, eggs are excellent sources of protein and contain good fats.

Myth – Children can have high cholesterol

Most people believe that in fact high cholesterol is a problem only for the middle-aged, but research has shown that atherosclerosis (narrowing of the arteries), which can trigger heart attacks can begin from the age of 8.

Children who have high cholesterol should follow a diet in which saturated fat to not exceed more than 7% of total calories and not consume more than 200 mg of cholesterol per day. Fiber supplements and exercise are also recommended.

Myth – Healthy food for the heart has no cholesterol

Cholesterol levels presented on the food labels refers to dietary cholesterol, which is found in food composition. Saturated fats and trans fats appear to have a greater influence on the amount of bad cholesterol that causes atherosclerosis compared with dietary cholesterol.

Myth – Cholesterol is always harmful

When most people hear the word cholesterol, they think of a bad thing. High cholesterol can be dangerous but cholesterol itself is essential for proper development of various processes in the body. Cholesterol is an insulator for nerve cells in the brain that contribute to cell membrane structure. This is why the body converts cholesterol into a waxy, white substance.

Involvement of cholesterol in heart disease is often misunderstood. Cholesterol is carried through the bloodstream by lipoproteins with the low density and high density (LDL and HDL). LDL, also known as bad cholesterol, is responsible for atherosclerosis.



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