Food is essential for life and is vital to the happiness and well-being of a person. Family dinners, meals taken with friends or colleagues at work are an opportunity for socialization, communication and closeness.
To lose weight or to maintain their weight, people adopt various types of diets. Some of these dramatically restricting calories and carbs and induce fatigue and monotony.
More unpleasant is that diets just do not work on long term or have negative health consequences.
2. Atkins Diet
Atkins diet is based on a drastic reduction in the consumption of carbohydrates and replacing them with protein, whether it’s bacon, cheese or eggs. Overweight people tend to eat too many refined carbohydrates and empty calories.
Without carbohydrates, the body will begin to burn fat it produces initially. Nutritionists and doctors are worried about a number of aspects of this diet. The first concern is the process called ketosis, which occurs when the body uses fat as its main source of energy.
Unpleasant side effects can be halitosis, constipation and even kidney or liver damage (except the ones that will consume enough liquid during this diet), because these organs must work overtime to process the high amounts of protein.
However, carbohydrates are the basis of a healthy diet that helps maintain healthy brain function and provide lasting energy for the body.
3. Diet according to blood type
Maybe this diet is plausible because her name includes one of the biological components of the body – blood. Do not be fooled, there is no evidence that this diet works. Its action was not proven or disproven.
Diet is based on the idea that food intake should be determined by blood type (A – vegetarian, B – omnivorous diet, AB – mixed with moderation of food groups or O – high protein) and that proteins are digested differently, depending on blood groups.
Health problems are believed to be the result of eating foods that are not adapted to the specific type of blood. However, this diet has been shown to be healthier than others, because the sparingly implies the need of combining several food groups.
4. Raw Diet
Raw diet is a vegetarian diet that promotes eating organic foods, fresh fruit, coconut milk, seaweed, dried fruits, grains, beans, nuts and vegetables.
There are certainly people who consume raw food for long periods of time and may be healthy, but most people believe that this diet is very restrictive. Among the consequences of this diet are low intakes of vitamin B12 (which is found in meat) and vitamin A.
The reason why some nutrients such as lycopene (an important antioxidant for healthy prostate and blood, which is found in cooked tomatoes) are not available is that food is not cooked. The same is true for iron in green leaves composition.
5. Zone Diet
One of the most effective and least controversial diet is the Zone diet which involves maintaining a constant ratio between protein intake (30%), carbohydrates (40%) and fat (30%). This makes it quite easy to follow.
Even so, nutritionists are concerned that Zone diet promotes the consumption of large amounts of saturated fats that can lead to high cholesterol and heart disease outbreak. It also ignores the fact that those who will follow it will be hungry and have low energy levels.
6. Paleolithic Diet
Paleolithic diet is based on foods eaten in the Paleolithic era, which ended about 10,000 years ago. This means that foods suggested are those that were previously obtained from hunting, harvesting or fishing: pork, seafood, eggs, fruits, nuts and vegetables.
Among the foods to be avoided include cereals, legumes, dairy products, salt, refined sugar and processed oils. The weak point of this diet is that limiting consumption of foods makes it difficult to follow, especially for long periods.
Another problem would be the difficulty to absorb all the nutrients your body needs, considering that many of the usual foods are forbidden.
7. 3 reasons why most diets do not work
- Many diets cause slow metabolism – The human body is smart and effective; it learns how to use its reserves. When the calories number is reduced, organic functions work with less energy.
When will consume more calories, big difference will cause an increase in long-term weight (yo-yo), which can maintain a low metabolism for a long time. The best alternative is to eat 5-6 small meals a day to keep your metabolism active throughout the day, to make exercise and to consume enough water.
- Diets for weight loss involves giving up certain foods – As a person who follows a diet in order to eliminate a number of pounds eats only carrots, celery and weight loss sticks, she will be very tempted to eat cakes and other tasty foods when they will be around.
Therefore, the best alternative is to eat in a realistic way: anyone can eat a cake and then continue his diet without any pangs of conscience.
- Diets offers alternatives for short-term food intake – may be at least uncomfortable for anyone to drink shakes or eat only certain kinds of food for all. Better alternative would be to maintain the appropriate number of pounds, and this to become a long term goal. In addition to that, would be indicated to discover which combination of foods could help achieve this goal.