All You Need To Know About Ovarian Cysts

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A woman’s life is NOT simple. It is safe to say that unlike men, women experience a lot of changes, not only during the adolescent years but even during adulthood too. Take for example menstruation—women undergo pre and post menstrual syndrome, and add to that the weeklong menstrual period. In these times, a lot of bodily changes occur, including psychological changes due to the fluctuation of hormones. Furthermore, add to this “default” amount of stress and pressure that work and family life can give. It’s no wonder why women often break down and explode frequently… children, most especially husbands can attest to that!

Sometimes, a woman will wish that this monthly menstrual period already CEASE… but that’s not an easy wish. Because most often than not, the cessation of a menstrual period point out to a reproductive system disorder… and one of them, commonly, is the presence of ovarian cysts.

What Are Ovarian Cysts Causes?

Ovarian cysts commonly result from an ovarian follicle which failed to rupture. Normally, at the start of a menstrual period, the ovarian follicles will continue to grow and nourish the ovum inside for possible fertilization. Hormones play a great role in the maturation of the ovum. The sudden cutting off of a certain hormone normally leads to the rupture of the ovum. When the follicle ruptures, the ovum is released into the ovary and travels all the way through the fallopian tube until a sperm fertilizes it.

In instances when follicles do not rupture, there is a fat chance that these follicles will turn into cysts, thus the development of ovarian cysts.

What Are Ovarian Cysts Signs and Symptoms?

Oftentimes, ovarian cysts really produce no symptom at all, not unless these cysts start to act up and rupture. When rupture starts, this is where ovarian cysts signs and symptoms may develop. Ovarian cysts may occur with the following signs and symptoms:

-          Pelvic Pain. A sharp and shooting pain in the pelvic area may occur. This may indicate an acute rupture of the cysts. A pain which is similar to that of dysmenorrhea may also occur, because of the irritation of the endometrial tissues with the contents of the cysts.

-          Abnormal/ Heavy Bleeding. This indicates the presence of some debris inside your reproductive system. These debris may result from the rupture of the ovarian cysts.

-          Amenorrhea. The absence of a menstrual period may also indicate that something may be blocking the release of your ovum, or that something may be wrong with the follicles, which is why they do not burst or release a mature ovum.

What Are Ovarian Cysts Complications?

The most common complication of ovarian cysts is a possible infection of the pelvic organs. The contents of the cysts are not safe and may harm all other adjacent organs, further damaging the pelvic region. Furthermore, the presence of cyst debris may seep out into the peritoneal cavity causing further infection called peritonitis.

Surgical procedures may be aimed at removing the cysts and preventing them from rupturing. On the other hand, there are also corrective procedures which will remove the ruptured cyst and correct the infection or complication that may have occurred inside.

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