Blackheads or comedones

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Acne is one of the most common skin disorders. It is a chronic disease that affects over 85% of teens and young adults.

Studies have shown that two-thirds of teens who have acne have the intention to consult a doctor but only a third have done so.


1. Overview
2. Types of acne
3. What is acne?
4. Ways of care against whiteheads and blackheads
5. Treatment
6. Home remedies

Types of acne

There are several types of acne. The main manifestations of acne are red bumps and black / white comedones. This distinction is important because each type is treated differently.

Whiteheads and blackheads are known as comedones and may be more common on the face and shoulders than those containing pus. Appropriate and consistent skin hygiene can help improve this condition. Therefore, knowing the triggers of comedones and fair treatment modalities are essential for clear skin.

What is acne?

- Blackheads – also known as open comedones, these are more open follicles than normal. They contain plugs of sebum and dead cells that have undergone a chemical reaction leading to oxidation of melanin, giving to the material from the follicle the typical black color.

- Whiteheads – also called closed comedones, are follicles filled with the same type of material as blackheads, but microscopic opening to the skin surface. Since the air can’t reach the follicle, the material is not oxidized, and remains white.

Ways of care against whiteheads and blackheads

The solution for care the acne skin is consistent. There isn’t any treatment that acts overnight, but using skin care methods helps improve follicles health condition.

Since acne is not caused by eating certain foods, so restricting the diet is not helpful. On the other hand, it is not caused by dirt, so excessive washing of the skin is not helpful and may even irritate the skin.

The best way for comedones care is clean with a mild soap or facial scrub to help remove excess sebum and dead skin cells.

Oil-based makeup should be avoided because it may contribute to the accumulation of sebum in the follicles. Instead, water based care, non-comedogenic can be used safely.


Treatment for removal of whiteheads and blackheads takes time. Most types of treatment lasts several weeks or even months until it is observed a notable change.

- Benzoyl peroxide – It has an antibacterial effect and may decrease the chemical reaction that changes the lining of the hair. This process will reduce the comedone’s hole. Benzoyl peroxide can be used to treat mild comedones, but also to prevent the formation of other comedones.

- Tretinoin (Retin-A) – is a substance used specifically to treat whiteheads and blackheads, derived from vitamin A. This helps eliminate material inside the pores and their return to normal. Tretinoin can be irritating, so it is recommended only with the doctor’s prescription.

- Antibiotics – topical or oral antibiotics may be used where blackheads or whiteheads are infected, but they are not useful for comedones that are not infected.

- Isotretinoin – is used to treat severe cystic acne and has many side effects. It is very effective when is properly used but is not prescribed for mild acne.

- Extraction of comedones – is a process that may be initiated only by a specialist. This process is done with a device called a comedone extractor. It is a small, metal, circular device which will be attached to comedone and pushes down the surrounding skin, eliminating the content.

Home remedies

- An effective remedy for blackheads is to mix warm water with Epsom salts and iodine. It will mix a teaspoon of Epsom salt and 4 drops of iodine with 1/4 cup of hot water. After the solution cools, apply to the affected area using a cotton disk. After the mixture dries, it will remove with a dry towel.

- It will make a paste of fresh fenugreek leaves mixed with water. Apply the paste on the affected area for 10-15 minutes. Wash off with warm water. In order to obtain favorable results, this remedy should be used regularly.

- To remove blackheads, there will be a steam bath to open the blocked pores. After that it will rub the affected area with a towel for 1-2 minutes. Later, apply cool water to close the open pores.

- Another effective remedy is washing your face with lemon juice and milk. It will add a tablespoon of fresh lemon juice to a glass of boiled milk. With this mixture wash your face regularly.

- It will make a paste of 5 g of red sandalwood and 5 grams of turmeric, which will soften in milk. The paste should be applied on the affected area and will rinse after it dries.

- Combine almond powder with a little rose water to form a paste. It will cover the affected area and will continue until it will harden. Afterwards rinse with warm water.

- Make a mixture of salt, lemon and honey in equal amounts. Will result a scrub that will exfoliate the skin. Yogurt can be added to this combination. Massage the affected area with the product obtained for 5-10 minutes. Rinse and dries.

- Apply warm honey on the area affected by blackheads. After the honey dries, wash with warm water.

- Egg whites can be used as a remedy for blackheads. It will mix well egg whites, apply them on the affected area and then remove them with water. When you wipe the area, you should rub gently with a soft towel.

- Will mixing 3 tablespoons of honey and 1 teaspoon of cinnamon powder in a bowl. Apply on the area affected by acne and leave to act overnight. Wash off next morning with warm water.



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