Blood pressure

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Overview

Ideally, blood pressure should be less than 120/80 mmHg. This blood pressure is generally recommended for people who want to have a good health. At this level there is a lower risk of developing heart disease or stroke.

If blood pressure is optimal, means you have a healthy lifestyle and it is advisable to continue follow it. If your blood is higher than 120/80 mmHg, you have to do everything possible to diminish.


Contents

1. Overview
2. Measuring blood pressure
3. Factors affecting normal blood pressure


Measuring blood pressure

To measure blood pressure you can use a blood pressure monitor, containing a sleeve of fabric that is wrapped around the arm and then inflated with air. Blood pressure is measured, especially by the physician, with an indicator attached to the cuff.

The two values with which to measure blood pressure are written as a fraction. It is considered to be situated in normal blood pressure around 120/80, though it could be healthy any tension lies between 90/60-120/80.

The first number is the systolic pressure (and is called systolic blood pressure) measuring inside the blood vessels when the heart contracts (systole is in). The second number is the diastolic pressure value which measures the pressure in blood vessels between heartbeats, when the heart is resting – this is the diastolic blood pressure.


Factors affecting normal blood pressure

A person’s blood pressure change frequently throughout the day. Among the factors that can change blood pressure in just a couple of minutes, include:

- position
- accentuated tension
- physical exercise’s level
- use of nicotine

In some families, blood pressure may be low, and in others high. It is therefore important to know the family history, to assess general health, lifestyle and diet when compared your blood pressure to that considered normal. These factors may contribute to lower values or higher blood pressure than those referred to as normal.

Because blood pressure can change often throughout the day, the best would be to know find out what is your medium blood pressure.

Blood pressure can fall into the following intervals:

• normal
systolic pressure below 120 mm Hg and diastolic blood pressure less than 80 mm Hg
• pre- hypertension
systolic values between 120-139 mm Hg and diastolic pressure between 80-89 mm Hg

• Hypertension – stage I
systolic values between 140-159 mm Hg and diastolic pressure between 90-99 mm Hg

• Hypertension – stage II
systolic values 160 mm Hg and diastolic pressure greater than 100 mm Hg

• Emergency
systolic pressure above 180 mm Hg and diastolic pressure greater than 110 mm Hg.

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