Carbohydrate needs during pregnancy

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Carbohydrate metabolism experiences radical changes during pregnancy, and glucose is very important for the proper development of fetal tissues. Choose slow carbohydrates, especially at breakfast, to avoid the risk of hypoglycemia in the morning. Breakfast should consist of 40 – 50 g of slow carbohydrates, which is equivalent to 80 g of bread or 60 g of grain. Also, try to distribute the intake of carbohydrates throughout the day: vegetable fibers, rice and fruits.
Glucides have an important role in fetal development, and their absence increases the risk of low-birthweight for the babies.

Simple sugars are easily digested; lactose, fructose and sucrose from sweets provide immediate energy to your body.
Complex sugars (such as starch grains or greens) are digested slower, but provide a longer lasting energy. The daily intake of carbohydrates is essential in pregnancy, with emphasis on slow sugars: rice, pasta, potatoes, bread, pulses (lentil, beans, chickpeas).
You should eat complex sugars, along with fruits and vegetables, because these contain fiber and will help you avoid constipation.



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