Child’s development after the first year of life

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1. Overview

When a child reaches the age of one year, his growth rate will begin to slow. For now there is a baby and is very active.

As the baby begins to grow, the parents will see that it will develop new skills and interests.


1. Overview
2. One-year-old children’s abilities
3. One-year-old child
4. What a child can be learned
5. Stimulating learning ability and providing emotional security
6. Child’s development after the first year of life

2. One-year-old children’s abilities

Children progress at different rates, but there are milestones common to this age group. Thus, at this age children:
- Around the age of 15 months the children walk alone and then begin to run
- Can stop and can stay in the squat position
- Can sit on a chair
- Climb stairs while being hand held
- Dance to the rhythms
- Playing with toys that can be pushed or pulled
- Can build towers of blocks
- Throw the ball
- Can combine 2-3 puzzle pieces
- Scrawled in pencil
- Feed himself using the fingers
- Begin to use the spoon
- Drink quite well from a cup
- Collaborates during dressing and can be take off simple pieces of clothing
- Appears first molar
- Sleep for a few hours at lunch
- Can sleep 10-12 hours a night.

3. One-year-old child

Speech development is a great interest for parents because through this kind of event they see as babies become social beings that can interact with others.

Although each child has their own way to develop speech, the following features are common to all children belonging to this age group:
- Imitate animal sounds and noises
- From 18 months their vocabulary contains between 10-15 words
- From 18 months begin to associate two words
- Up to age 2 they use 100 words or more
- Asks “What is …”
- Use negative phrases such as “I do not want”.

4. What a child can be learned

Around the age of 18 months, children begin to understand the symbols, the relationship between objects and their meanings. Although children have different rates of growth, there are several landmarks that might be indicative for those in this age group:
- Make the sign for “goodbye” and clap.
- After 18 months can understand simple questions with a single command, such as “where is the ball?”
- From 24 months they will understand more complex questions involving multiple commands such as “go to your room and get your shoes.”
- Understand persistent objects (become aware that a hidden object did not disappear, but it is somewhere).
- Understand the relationship between cause and effect.
- They love to explore drawers and boxes.
- Are recognized when they look in the mirror.
- They can touch certain body parts when asked to identify.
- Begin to understand how to use certain objects.
- May require help from parents to get more clarification.

5. Stimulating learning ability and providing emotional security

You can consider the following ways to stimulate the learning ability and to provide emotional security to children aged over 1 year:
- Will give your baby toys that can be filled and emptied and toys for imaginary games.
- Will give between 2-6 pieces of puzzle and ball all sizes.
- Will be helped to build towers using various pieces.
- Will be involved in domestic tasks.
- Will provide paper and large crayons to write and draw.
- Will talk with your child using a plain and clear language.
- Will use words correctly, even if the child cannot do this.
- Will expand phrases. When your child says “I want cake” will be asked “do you eat a cookie?”
- Will read every day using storybooks with pictures.
- The child will eat with other family members.
- Parents will be firm and will not be discipline the child by raising the tone or hitting him.

6. Child’s development after the first year of life

Everything is new and interesting after the age of one year. Children enthusiastically use the five senses to actively explore the world around them. Finds pleasure in most things they do and manage to complete simple tasks.

Once he discovers at the can do something, the child will want to repeat the action over and over again. Emotionally, the child only learns to recognize and control his feelings. Experience a range of emotions and has tantrums when he is tired and frustrated and can respond to challenges by biting, screaming or crying.

An one-year-old child will try to become autonomous and respond negatively to all adult requests, then when will be required to take responsibility for his actions, to cling to adult’s foot or to ask for help.

At this age, language skills progresses from sounds and showing objects using finger, to the use of words in simple sentences. Pronunciation is difficult but the family adults succeed to understand.

Child’s vocabulary is built through constant absorption of language around him, so the child is able to understand common phrases and use simple directions in routine situations.

By playing, from the age of one year, the child begins to build mathematical thinking by recognizing patterns and shapes. For example, notice that the day is followed by night or socks must be standing before shoes. The child may begin to make selections of objects according to their characteristics (hard, soft, and so on).

Many one-year-old children are creative, so their interest in art is focused on exploring specific sensory materials such as paint and modeling clay. When he hears music begin to dance, keep pace, will lead or will clap hands.

Children are an important leap in development starting at this age and they begin to imitate during playing the movements and habits of adults. Obvious changes can be observed especially in the field of physical development.

Most children have a posture characterized by hands placed on the side or belly pockets and slightly protruding. Their gait is a bit clumsy and falls are common.

They use their skills to push, to pull toys, to dance and climb. From the age of one year will improve coordination of hands and fingers, but the skills are quite undeveloped.



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