Countries Struggling to Eradicate Malaria

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About one-third of all countries across the globe which are alarmed by the health dilemma brought about by malaria are doing its way to eradicate the said disease by the year 2021, according to the World Health Organization (WHO).

Malaria is a mosquito-borne infectious disease which is caused by a protozoon called Plasmodium. This parasite multiplies in the liver, and then infects red blood cells. Malaria is endemic in about 108 countries.  The Anopheles mosquito which is the vector mosquito of the disease usually thrives in mountainous area where there are shades and humidity is high.

As per the WHO, symptoms of malaria include fever, headache, and vomiting, and usually appear between 10 and 15 days after the mosquito bite. If not treated, malaria can quickly become life-threatening by disrupting the blood supply to vital organs. In many parts of the world, the parasites have developed resistance to a number of malaria medicines.

Key interventions to control malaria include: prompt and effective treatment with artemisinin-based combination therapies; use of insecticidal nets by people at risk; and indoor residual spraying with insecticide to control the vector mosquitoes.

According to Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, in year 2008, an estimated 190 to nearly 311 million cases of malaria occurred worldwide and about 708,000 to 1,003,000 people died most of them young children in sub-Saharan Africa.

The struggles of various countries against malaria for the past years have produced significant and remarkable progress. This is because of the joint effort of the different health organizations and the public as a whole in its endeavor to fully eradicate malaria in their specific countries. Also, widespread awareness on the prevention of the disease which includes proper environment sanitation have a great impact in lessening the reported cases of malaria, and hopefully, ten (10) years after, will be achieving a malaria-free environment.

“Better diagnostic testing and surveillance has provided a clearer picture of where we are on the ground — and has shown that there are countries eliminating malaria in all endemic regions of the world,” Robert Newman, director of the WHO’s Global Malaria Program, said in the conference.

Symptoms of malaria may include fever, headache, and vomiting, and usually appear between 10 and 15 days after the mosquito bite. If the person is not given a prompt intervention, malaria can rapidly become life-threatening and crucial by disrupting the blood supply to vital organs.

Through a more accurate way of diagnosing malaria, early detections of persons infected with malaria are done, and proper medical interventions are given immediately right after the diagnosis. This helps save life of many individuals affected by the disease most specifically those who are located in mountainous areas where the vector mosquito of malaria usually thrives.

In addition, the great improvement achieved in the course of elimination of malaria across the globe is also brought about by malaria control measures used in different localities such as treated mosquito nets, insecticide sprays, and a wider access to medical treatment i.e., medicines available for the treatment of malaria.




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