Danger of excessive use of antibiotics

Recommend to others!

1. Overview

Antibiotics are used to treat different types of bacterial infections. Antibiotics help cure disease by killing bacteria.

Bacteria are single-celled organisms that can be found everywhere around us: on the furniture, on all kind of surfaces, on soil, plants, animals etc. Bacteria are a natural and necessary part of life. Bacteria cause diseases and infections when they access most vulnerable parts of our body and multiply rapidly.

Bacteria can infect the eyes, ears, throat, sinuses, lungs, airways, skin, stomach, colon, bones and genitals. Some antibiotics are bactericidal, that works by killing bacteria.

Other antibiotics are bacteriostatic, meaning they prevent bacterial growth. Each different type of antibiotics acts on bacteria in different ways. For example, a type of antibiotic could inhibit the ability of bacteria to turn glucose into energy, or its ability to build cell wall, which destroys bacteria instead of copying it.

Some types of antibiotics can be used to treat a variety of infections and are known as broad-spectrum antibiotics. Others are only effective against some types of bacteria and are called narrow-spectrum antibiotics. It is known that any person experience colds, sore throats and viruses and these can be treated with antibiotics.


1. Overview
2. Action of antibiotics
3. Danger of excessive use of antibiotics
4. Safe use of antibiotics

2. Action of antibiotics

To understand how antibiotics works, it is useful to know more about the two major types of germs that cause illness: bacteria and viruses. Although some bacteria and viruses can cause diseases that have similar symptoms, how these organisms multiply and cause disease, is different.

Bacteria are unicellular living organisms, which is over all and often do not cause any harm, and in some cases may even be beneficial. Lactobacillus, for example, is located in the intestine and helps food digestion. There are bacteria that are harmful and can cause diseases that invade the body and interfere with normal organic processes. Antibiotics are effective against bacteria because they work by destroying these living organisms and inhibit growth and reproduction.

On the other hand viruses are not alive and cannot survive independently. These are particles that contain genetic material wrapped in protein. Viruses grow and reproduce only after they invaded other living cells.

The immune system can fight some viruses, but in some cases (such as those that cause colds), viruses must simply run their courses and, in this case, they cannot be treated with antibiotics.

3. Danger of excessive use of antibiotics

Using antibiotics to treat colds and viral illnesses not only will not have positive effects, but will be including dangerous side effects over time because this practice contributes to increased bacterial resistance to antibiotics.

This phenomenon is called bacterial resistance and antibiotic resistance. Treating these resistant bacteria requires high doses of medicine or stronger antibiotics. Due to excessive use of antibiotics, some bacteria become resistant to some of the most powerful antibiotics available today.

Antibiotic resistance has become one of the most pressing public health problems. Bacteria which in the past were extremely responsive to antibiotics have become increasingly resistant.

Those which triggers pneumococcal infections (which cause pneumonia, sinus infections, ear infections or meningitis), skin infections and tuberculosis are among the most difficult to treat.

4. Safe use of antibiotics

What to do when a child gets sick? To minimize the risk of bacterial resistance will take the following measures:

- Will treat only bacterial infections – will leave less serious disease run its course (especially those that are considered to be caused by viruses) to prevent the development of antibiotic resistance. However, even if symptoms are not getting worse, but persist, it is recommended that the child be consulted by a doctor.

You can ask the specialist about the germs that triggered disease (viruses and bacteria) and about the risks and benefits of using antibiotics. If a virus is involved, there will be no pressure on doctors to prescribe antibiotic and follow the recommended steps to treat the symptoms.

When the doctor will prescribe antibiotics for the children, the parents must ensure that:
- Treatment contain only the prescribed antibiotics
- Do not use the prescription for another person, nor will be given other antibiotics than recommended by your doctor.

Parents need to be informed about the treatment of symptoms that trigger child discomfort such as stuffy nose, sore throat – without using antibiotics unless they are prescribed by a doctor.

Drugs will be used properly. Antibiotics are only effective against a bacterial infection in the amount indicated by the doctor and they take effect after a certain period of time. In most of the children may take a day or two until they will feel better. Do not exceed the recommended duration of treatment.

Regimen will be followed exactly as the physician recommended. Any remaining antibiotic should be discarded as soon as the child has completed treatment. To combat antibiotic resistance can take simple measures to prevent the spread of infections.

Wash hands frequently and will keep children home when they are sick. Doctors are aware of increasing antibiotic resistance and try to solve this problem. Even if there are discovered new antibiotics to treat strong bacteria is importantly for any bacterial infection to be treated correctly.



Speak Your Mind


Current day month ye@r *