Diet for gastritis

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1. Overview

Gastritis is a medical condition that is defined by irritation of the gastric mucosa and is based on several reasons, most of which are caused by a disorganized lifestyle or an irrational use of medicines.

The main cause of gastritis is prolonged and uncontrolled administration of drugs in the category of NSAIDs or those containing ibuprofen or aspirin. In addition to these comes the excessive alcohol consumption, stress or bacterial infections.


1. Overview
2. Symptoms and diagnosis
3. Foods to avoid in gastritis
4. Food rules that help in relieving gastritis
5. Fruits and vegetables reduce discomfort
6. Proteins

2. Symptoms and diagnosis

Gastritis is diagnosed through various tests, medical history, medical information that is relevant personal history of the patient and the lifestyle he leads, but also based on manifested symptoms at the time of the consult.

Medical investigation may include other tests to establish the final diagnosis, such as blood tests, upper gastrointestinal endoscopy or stool analysis.

There is a diverse array of gastritis symptomatology, mainly consists of:
- Abdominal pain;
- Bloating;
- Indigestion;
- Loss of appetite;
- Stomach cramps, especially after eating;
- Vomiting.

3. Foods to avoid in gastritis

Nutrition and diet play a role in the management of the disease and prevent serious complications, such as ulcer or gastric cancer. There are some dietary restrictions that must be taken into account to help the recovery process and to maintain a normal gastric activity.

Categories of foods that should be avoided, if you suffer from gastritis, are:
- Spicy foods and spices (chili, pepper etc.);
- Fries, semi-prepared and fast food;
- Pickles;
- Coffee and other caffeinated products;
- Vinegar;
- Alcoholic beverages;
- Carbonated soft drinks;
- Sweets and cookies – butter, chocolate, donuts, brownies etc.

Of fruit and vegetables to be avoided in gastritis include:
- Raw onion;
- Cabbage;
- Broccoli;
- Unripe fruit;
- Nuts;
- Citrus;
- Blueberries;
- Red.

Regarding the consumption of meat and fish, there are some special restrictions on cooking method, because they slow digestion. Pay attention to:
- Beef;
- Roasted meat;
- Salmon;
- Herring.

4. Food rules that help in relieving gastritis

There are a couple of food tips and advice that can help you better control your symptoms and evolution of gastritis. They are useful if gastritis degenerates to ulcer. When gastric mucosal irritation symptoms are not treated, the disease evolves to ulcer.


Doctors recommend consuming at least 8 glasses of water a day. You can drink other drinks without caffeine. You can choose teas or fresh fruit juices (apple, grape or pear) diluted with water. They should not produce any abdominal discomfort.

Liquids greatly help digestion and contribute to regulate bowel movements, which can be a problem if you suffer from gastritis.

Foods with fiber

Patients suffering from gastritis should eat controlled portions of fiber, both soluble and insoluble. They help stimulate digestion and are found mostly in foods like whole grains, beans, vegetables, unpeeled fruits etc.


There are some starchy foods such as black bread, whole wheat pasta, noodles or pasta, oatmeal, cereals and boiled or mashed potatoes that can be consumed by people suffering from gastritis.

However, fried or oily versions of these foods are contraindicated because they can aggravate gastritis. For example, potatoes, fried meat and chips are difficult to digest, causing excessive gas, bloating and abdominal pain.

5. Fruits and vegetables reduce discomfort

In gastritis, foods that lead to improved abdominal discomfort include fruits and vegetables like apples, celery, cranberries, onions, garlic and tea. They contain flavonoids and have anti-inflammatory properties. In addition to that, fruits and vegetables contribute to reducing multiplication of Helicobacter Pylori, which causes inflammation.

It is recommended to consult your doctor before consuming such foods as there are some particular situations when they should be avoided. For example, the acidity of onions or garlic or caffeine in some tea can worsen in some cases, the symptoms of gastritis. But there are cases when these can be eaten in certain limit or cooked in certain circumstances.

It is strongly recommended to eat cooked vegetables or as salad combinations. However, there are vegetables that are prohibited for gastritis patients, such as broccoli, cabbage, cauliflower, tomatoes and tomato products or pickles. Apart from that, the rest can be eaten, even in their natural form.

6. Proteins

High protein diet is not recommended for gastritis. Avoid meat products such as sausages or very fatty meats. Some legumes are also forbidden due to their very high protein content(beans, peas, lentils) as lead to gas, bloating and worsening abdominal cramps and spasms.

Acid content of milk and dairy products may occasionally cause gastritis or aggravate their existing symptoms, especially in people who have risk factors for developing this condition.

Even if it is necessary to limit the amount of protein, proteins remain important nutrients and an essential part of a balanced diet.

Protein foods that do not worsen symptoms of gastritis are: chicken or turkey, seafood, tofu, soy milk and some low-fat dairy (milk, yogurt, cheese).

Setting a suitable menu for patients suffering from gastritis is established with a gastroenterologist. The menu consists of all medical information based on the analysis results and history but also by other conditions that the patient may suffer.



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