Diet for Hepatitis B

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Hepatitis B is a DNA virus, which means that genetic material is composed of deoxyribonucleic acid. It is part of a family of viruses known as Hepadnaviridae.

The virus is localized primarily in the liver but is also present in blood and body fluids. Hepatitis B virus is composed of particles: in the center (nucleus) and a surrounding shell (outside). The nucleus consists of DNA and core antigen. The surrounding shell contains surface antigen. These antigens are present in blood and they are makers used in the diagnosis and evaluation of patients with suspected viral hepatitis.

For most of people, specific diet for hepatitis B is based on the same elements as recommended for a healthy diet. Patients diagnosed with hepatitis B should consume foods that stimulate heart health (fruits, vegetables, whole grains), limited amounts of fat and need to control their weight. Alcohol will be avoided completely.

Most of the people with hepatitis B do not require a special diet, the most important is to try to eat healthy foods and not become overweight.


1. Overview
2. Hepatitis B, liver and diet
3. Maintaining a healthy weight
4. Medicines and diet for hepatitis B

Hepatitis B, liver and diet

Everything a person eat and drink goes through the liver. The liver transforms food into energy, which also stores the chemicals necessary for life. This body produce nutrients needed by the body to:
- Construction of cells
- An optimal level of energy
- Maintaining normal body functions.

An improper diet can cause liver problems in a person with hepatitis B. If the diet contains too many calories you will gain weight. Overweight is linked to the accumulation of fat in the liver, a phenomenon known as fatty liver.

Over the years, fatty liver may contribute to the development of cirrhosis in some people with hepatitis B. It has been shown in several studies that the liver fat and overweight decrease the effectiveness of treatment with interferon and ribavirin.

A diet may contain toxins harmful to the liver. Some toxins act quickly. For example, eating poisonous mushrooms can cause liver failure and death within days. Other toxins such as alcohol destroy the liver over time.

A proper diet for hepatitis B can help improve liver condition in a person suffering from this condition. A balanced diet will encourage optimal functioning of the liver will reduce the risk of hepatic cirrhosis. In addition, it may help the immune system stay strong and fight the disease.

A proper diet can help reduce body fat and blood sugar balance. This reduces the risk of diabetes.

Maintaining a healthy weight

Too much or too little weight can allow hepatitis B to progress faster. But what is a healthy weight? Body mass index is a measure that can help calculate the healthy weight range. If it is under 20 or over 30, ask your doctor to recommend a nutritionist to help you achieve a healthy weight.

Excessive weight can support the accumulation of fatty deposits in the liver (fatty liver) and liver function tests are abnormal. Excess weight can increase the risk of triggering:

- Diabetes
- Cardiovascular disease
- High blood pressure
- Hypercholesterolemia
- Certain types of cancer.

People who lose weight can reverse these changes gradually. Maintaining a healthy weight can improve liver enzyme levels and improve liver fibrosis, even if hepatitis B is still in your body. You should avoid fad diets, considering that quick weight loss as can overload the liver.

Exercise is important not only for weight loss but also for:
- Stimulate appetite
- Relieve some of the side effects of drugs used for hepatitis B (if you use)
- Strengthening the immune system
- Improve your overall well-being.

Try to make series of 10 exercises throughout the day. Low impact exercises are best. Choose a comfortable level, rest and gradually increase your time and physical activity level (15-30 minutes 3 to 5 days). Start with a 10-minute walk.

Medicines and diet for hepatitis B

Some of the drugs used to treat hepatitis B may decrease appetite. Following this, the patient will feel weak and will have a general poor condition. It is important that those who follow a hepatitis B treatment the keep a healthy balanced diet even after treatment was stopped.

The body needs nutrients and healthy foods to fight hepatitis B infection, and to repair damage caused by disease over time.

Here are some suggestions for a healthy diet during treatment for hepatitis B:
- Walk and do stretching exercises before meals
- Try to eat between 4-7 small meals throughout the day instead of a few large meals
- It is recommended that breakfast foods and beverages contain various milk with juice, fruit cocktail, etc.
- Drink supplements drinks through a straw if you find them unpleasant smell
- Try foods with different textures (ground nuts, seeds, etc.). Because the food becomes more interesting
- Taste (even less) from your favorite foods
- Always keep snacks on hand
- Keep snacks that do not require refrigeration near areas that used to watch television
- Take your packaged foods that require no refrigeration for snack time when you are away from home
- Portion foods that you keep in the freezer for one meal
- When possible, drink liquids between meals to not feel full install – Get inspired by culinary shows and by cookbooks for healthy cooking.



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