Drug Treatment Is Safer than Bypass Surgery, Research Finds

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Heart diseases seemed to be one of the most commonly acquired diseases by many individuals in the different nations. The reason is probably because of the major risk factors which are present in the environment. These risk factors include: obesity, unhealthy lifestyle, stressful work conditions and poor exercise. Good thing, there are already multiple treatment modalities available to cure heart disease. These may involve through the use of medicines or rather surgery. However, new research says that the use of medicines is far effective and safer as to new bypass surgeries.

Coronary artery bypass or also known as coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) is an invasive surgical procedure which is done to relieve the person from suffering from angina and decrease the risk of developing stroke and other heart diseases. This procedure is done through the use of arteries or veins located anywhere in the body and by making a graft bypassing those vessels which have been blocked by fats and other substances, hence, enhancing blood supply to the heart and to the different body parts.

The new study which was published in the Journal of the American Medical Association tackled about drug treatment as a better choice because of its less risk than bypass surgery. The researchers have examined and analyzed data from about 200 patients in which about half of it had underwent carotid artery bypass surgery. The researchers found out that after 30 days of surgery, those patients who underwent the surgery had about 14 per cent of risk of having a stroke. That is compared to about 2 per cent of risk of those patients who just underwent drug medication.

According to lead researcher Dr. William Powers, chairman of adult neurology at the University of North Carolina School of Medicine, at Chapel Hill, he said: “We were trying to figure out a way of taking people who were at high risk of having stroke and prevent that from happening,” he further added: “The unfortunate part is that we didn’t do that.”

Moreover, the researchers are still conducting other study in order to find a safer measure to enhance blood supply going to the brain for those individuals who are suffering from a totally blocked carotid artery. Still, medical health professionals should be wary about the individual situations of their patients. If drug therapy can still be used as the best way to treat their patients, then they should better opt to this treatment.

In their statistics, the Center for Disease Control and Prevention, coronary heart disease is the most common type of heart disease. In 2005, 445,687 people died from coronary heart disease. Every year about 785,000 Americans have a first heart attack. Another 470,000 who have already had one or more heart attacks have another attack. In 2010, heart disease will cost the United States $316.4 billion. This total includes the cost of health care services, medications, and lost productivity.




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