Effective Medical Treatments for Vertigo

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Vertigo is not something to be taken lightly. Some, if not most people mistake vertigo with a simple case of dizziness but there is broad line between both conditions. Dizziness is something that occurs occasionally and although not common, it may occur due to things like travelling, going to high altitude places, and the like. On the other hand, vertigo is something that occurs more frequently and there is a medical cause behind this occurrence.

What Causes Vertigo?

Vertigo is caused by many factors and among them, here are the most common ones:

-          Ear Infection. Infection of the ears, most especially those involving the inner ears can result to an impairment of the labyrinth canals. The labyrinth contains structures responsible for our sense of balance.

-          Meniere’s Disease. This is a condition where there is a fluid accumulation in the inner ear. This fluid accumulation may be due an inflammatory condition and this disrupts one’s state of balance.

-          Sudden Change in Movement. An abrupt change in movement can cause frequent vertigo. This is true most especially upon waking up in the morning and standing from the bed. This is because the body failed to adapt to the sudden change in environment.

Treatment of Vertigo

-          Medications for Vertigo. There are various medications for vertigo and most of them are oral. One example is metoclopramide. There are also drugs which are given through IV or through a skin patch. Other treatment of vertigo may be given depending on the perceived cause of vertigo like antiobiotics for inner ear infections, diuretics for inflammation in the inner ear, and the like. Other drugs that are considered treatment of vertigo are diphenhydramine, scopolamine (patch), promethazine, and diazepam.

-          Surgery Treatment of Vertigo. There are also cases which may require surgical intervention as in acoustic neuromas. These procedures are necessary in removing the mass or growth that may be putting pressure to the inner ear.

-          Vertigo Exercises. Rehabilitation of vestibular functions may be achieved through vertigo exercises. These exercises are being taught to the patients in order to treat vertigo attacks. Another maneuver also aims to repair the particles that have been displaced from the inner ear causing the vertigo attacks.

-          Diet for Vertigo. Another treatment of vertigo is through diet. Especially in people with Meniere’s disease, a low salt diet may be prescribed (Furstenburg Diet).

In some cases, vertigo can disappear and be fully treated but in some cases, vertigo may only be treated with proper management. Managing vertigo is possible with vertigo treatments, especially those mentioned above. These treatments should be followed religiously in order to prevent possible attacks of this condition.

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