Effective Myocardial Ischemia Treatments

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When we are diagnosed to be suffering from cardiovascular disorders, it’s a sign which indirectly tells us to change our unhealthy habits and convert them to healthy practices. It’s ironic—but most people only turn their cheek to the healthier side of living when they find themselves suffering from certain diseases such as myocardial ischemia.

When myocardial ischemia goes on unmanaged, the fearful outcome will be heart attack and as we all know, heart attack has a high mortality. In order to avoid such complication, it is best to undergo myocardial ischemia treatments. These can be prescribed to you by a licensed cardiologist:

Cholesterol Lowering Drugs

Remember we have two forms of cholesterol, one is what we call good cholesterol (HDL) and the other is bad cholesterol (LDL). Good cholesterol or HDL should be kept at a high range, while LDL or bad cholesterol should be kept at a low range. In order to prevent further deposition of cholesterol in our arteries, physicians may prescribe cholesterol lowering medications. These drugs may come in the form of statins, bile acid sequestrants and niacin drugs.

Blood Vessel Relaxants

These are usually drugs used to treat hypertension like Calcium Channel Blockers (-dipines) and ACE Inhibitors (-prils). When our blood vessels are tensed, especially when we are hypertensive, blood cannot be properly supplied to organs including the heart. This leads to decreased perfusion in our heart muscles leading to signs and symptoms of myocardial ischemia such as chest pain. These anti-hypertensive drugs relax our blood vessels, leading to proper supply of blood to our heart.

Anti-Clotting Drugs

Blood clots contribute to the development of heart ischemia. When our blood clots and clumps, these may stick into our arteries and obstruct the passageway of blood to our heart. As such, anti-clotting drugs like Aspirin can be prescribed.

Balloon Catheter and Stenting

There are incidences when the arteries leading to our heart becomes so blocked that very small amount of blood only trickles into our heart muscles. In such cases, these obstructions need to be removed mechanically.

One step of doing such is through balloon catheters—these catheters are inserted into our large veins all the way through the blocked arteries. Once in place, the balloon will then be inflated—flattening the plaques and fatty deposits. In some cases, mechanical stents need to be placed to keep the arteries open and prevent further deposition of plaques.

Coronary Artery Bypass Graft or CABG

This is an open-type form of heart surgery wherein a portion of a vein from another part of the body will be used to create a “by-pass” to shunt blood from the area of obstruction. This is the last resort especially in those cases wherein arteries are too much blocked and narrowed.

Myocardial ischemia is an early foretelling of heart attack because in a person with myocardial ischemia, blood supply to the heart muscles becomes depleted. There are many factors that can lead to such disease but most commonly, plaque deposits of cholesterol and scarring cause myocardial ischemia. Be sure to have yourself checked regularly for signs and symptoms before it’s too late.

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