Encephalitis Outbreak In India

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A bothering health issue is faced by the health professionals in India because of an outbreak of an infectious disease known as encephalitis. It has affected numerous individual which are mainly children, and about 430 people died due to the said disease according to the officials of the region of the northern Indian state of Uttar Pradesh.

Encephalitis is an acute infection and inflammation of the brain itself. This is in contrast to meningitis, which is an inflammation of the layers covering the brain. It is a rare condition. It occurs more often in the first year of life and decreases with age. The very young and the elderly are more likely to have a severe case. Encephalitis is most often caused by a viral infection. Many types of viruses may cause it. Exposure to viruses can occur through: breathing in respiratory droplets from an infected person, contaminated food or drink, mosquito, tick, and other insect bites, skin contact.

According to the WHO, Viral encephalitis is inflammation of the brain, caused by any one of a number of viruses. Symptoms include high fever, headache, sensitivity to light, stiff neck and back, vomiting, confusion and, in severe cases, seizures, paralysis and coma. Infants and elderly people are particularly at risk of severe illness. Arboviruses – viruses transmitted through insect bites – are among the most common causes of viral encephalitis, and include Japanese encephalitis and tick-borne encephalitis viruses.

According to the K.P. Kushwaha, Chief Pediatrician of BRD Medical College in Gorakhpur District, the outbreak of encephalitis that happened in the neglected region of the northern Indian state of Uttar Pradesh is one of the most awful outbreaks that had ever happened in the said locality. Compared to the previous years, almost all of the hospitals today are crowded, and all of the beds are occupied, there is no more room or bed available for other patients to be accommodated in various hospitals.

“We count such cases since January but most of these casualties have occurred since July.” Khuswaha said.

In addition, it was noted that the increasing number of patients suffering or affected with encephalitis is already overwhelming reaching about 2,400 patients admitted in the government hospitals, and the most alarming side is that out of the 2400 patients who are admitted, at least 430 of which have died due to the said disease. About 336 were composed of children and 94 of the remaining figures are composed of adults.

Encephalitis can vary from mild to life-threatening and even cause death. Most people with a mild case can recover fully. Those with a more severe case can recover although they may have damage to their nervous system. This damage can be permanent.

The number of patients who were receiving treatment in a government-run facility is reaching about 262 patients, and almost every day, there are about an estimate of 30 to 40 individuals who subject themselves for treatment.

The health professionals are on the edge of improving the health program such as vaccination in order to decrease the incidences of encephalitis in the said region.

 

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  1. huzaifa ibrahim says:

    assalamu alaikum people of indian iam praying for God help concerning the desaster you are in

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