Existing Prediction Tools Can Contribute To Diabetes Prevention

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Diabetes is one of the most common diseases in the present-day society. It is a group of metabolic diseases, where the person has high blood sugar and a problem with either insulin production or sensitivity. It can lead to a number of serious complications. Many studies have been made to aid in preventing and treating this disease.

One of these is the study from Queen Mary, University of London, suggesting the use of existing prediction tools in diabetes prevention. It was presented in the published study in the British Medical Journal   that there are various techniques for predicting with reliable accuracy who will develop diabetes but almost none are currently being used. The researchers believe that if these tools were used by the public, cases of diabetes will be decline.

A review of 145 different “risk scores” for type 2 diabetes was made by the team of Dr. Douglas Noble. None were ensured 100 percent accurate, but many led to logical predictions of who will most likely have DM in the next decade.
According to the study, about half of all cases of diabetes can be avoided through lifestyle measures, like diet, exercise, or medication.
“The big take home message was that despite there being vast numbers of risk prediction models, hardly any of them were in use in clinical practice or by members of the public,” stated by Dr. Noble. He also believed that the 7 factors they identified can be great chance for the people to take necessary lifestyle changes to decrease their risk. He further emphasized that preventing Diabetes can prevent ill health, reduce cost and importantly, save lives.

Most diabetes risk scores included: increasing age, obesity, high blood pressure, high cholesterol and ethnicity. People having all the risk factors have high risk of being diabetic. Also, some risk scores resulted from family history of diabetes, lack of physical exercise and low socio-economic status.

Professor Trisha Greenhalgh, a member of the research team, cited  “This study has confirmed what many doctors already suspected: that risk scores are good at detecting people at high risk of developing diabetes but very few people have actually had their risk estimated.”  Her father father died of the complications of diabetes, making her at high risk of developing it. Now, she tried to keep a healthy shape through diet and exercise, and monitor her blood pressure and cholesterol levels.



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