Eye health in summer

Recommend to others!


The weather is warm, swimming pools are open and children are on vacation. These are just some of the signs of summer. Although summer season is considered fun, you should make sure that you take into account a few simple tips in order to keep your eye health throughout the season.

Exposure to the sun without proper eye protection may cause eye conditions that can cause various vision problems.

Our eyes are the windows through which we view the world around us and, just like a window, they are exposed to a constant barrage of dust, fine particles and light pollution.


1. Overview
2. Sunshine
3. Wear sunglasses
4. Rest your eyes
5. Swimming with contact lenses
6. Stay away from light reflections
7. Cloudy vision or red eyes after swimming
8. Gardening
9. Food for the eyes


Whether you are on the sea beach, pool or park with the family, it is important to know that not only the skin may be affected. Like skin, eyes may also suffer burns, so it is important to offer them protection. The sun is divided into three categories, namely ultraviolet type A, B and C. All can be harmful to your eye health.

UVC rays are the strongest UV and could be most damaging to the eye. Fortunately, the ozone layer blocks almost all UVC rays.

UVB rays are partially filtered by the ozone layer, but some reach the ground. If you are in small quantities, encourages the production of melanin, causing skin tanning. However, UVB rays can also cause burns both skin and eyes.

UVA are less energy than UVB and UVC. However, UVA rays are able to penetrate the cornea and reach the retina of the eye. Excessive exposure to UV rays has been associated with development of macular degeneration and cataracts, and the pterygium.

UV sensitivity varies from person to person. However, everyone must be careful about long-term damage as a result of over-exposure, which may be irreversible.

Wear sunglasses

You probably already knew that the sun’s harmful UV rays can cause skin cancer, and permanent eye damage such as cataracts, macular degeneration and the appearance of yellowish growths in the eyes. In addition to that, you should learn that certain medications such as tetracycline may increase sensitivity to UV rays.

Just like using sunblock to protect your skin from the sun, you should protect the eyes too. By wearing sunglasses that block 100% UV rays, not only will you protect your eyes, but you’ll feel more comfortable too.

Rest your eyes

If you have to work during the summer, whether you look at a computer screen, blackberry or iPad, occasionally taking a break will help you to stay healthy. Experts encourage five minute breaks every hour of the computer, to avoid persistent damage to the eyes, headache, eye pain and itching.

Make sure you work in a room that is properly lit and rest by watching distant objects through the window on a regular basis. Also, keep the screen clean, wipe fingerprints and try to reduce glare by installing adjustable blinds on the windows.

Swimming with contact lenses

If you swim in clean pools and water is chlorinated, you can swim with contact lenses. Chlorinated water kills bacteria. However, it is recommended to keep your eyes closed under water if you do not wear swimming glasses, so that exposure of contact lenses to bacteria be reduced as much as possible.

In non-chlorinated water such as lakes or rivers, there is no protection against bacteria. If contact lenses absorb bacteria and you will continue to wear them in the day, you risk a serious eye infection.

Throw away contact lenses immediately after swimming in such waters (using disposable ones). The same situation is seen with sauna or hot water. Even if lake water contains chlorine when heated becomes a breeding ground for natural reproduction of bacteria and the risk of eye disease is higher than in swimming pools.

Stay away from light reflections

Light reflections aren’t found only in winter at skiing, but also in the pool water, sea and sand colored and may have an important impact on the eyes. Light reflected by water increases sunlight and can have a harmful effect. Take additional steps, cover your eyes, wear wide-brimmed hats and sunglasses. On the beach try to avoid dirt and dust entering the eyes to prevent conjunctivitis and eye allergies.

Make sure children do not look directly at the sun, as this can cause permanent scarring of the retina that is in the back of the eye, being responsible for seeing.

Cloudy vision or red eyes after swimming

These events are seen mostly in children, unlike adults, and the reason is that they tend to open their eyes under water more than adults. The reason is that the pool water is absorbed in the cornea by osmosis. The cornea becomes a bit inflamed and your view becomes cloudy. The symptoms usually disappear after 30-60 minutes.

Red eyes after swimming occur due to chlorine found in swimming pool. It is important to consider when redness occurs. If this is seen to end of the swimming session or immediately after swimming, it is clear that eye irritation is caused by chlorine. The redness usually disappear by themselves, but you can also use lubricant drops role to speed its healing. If redness persists after swimming the next day, an infection may be involved and you should consult a doctor.


Experts warn that injuries to the eyes as a result of gardening and agriculture predispose to occurrence of the disease known as Norfolk. Also, in some ponds of water can be found a parasite called Acanthamoeba, that can cause corneal ulcers.

Food for the eyes

The aliments that have beneficial effect on eyes: sweet potatoes, carrots, cabbage, cherries, apricots, wild salmon, almonds, pumpkin and chickpeas. All are rich in nutrients such as betacarotene, zinc, vitamin E, essential fatty acids.

Be careful because sugar is very harmful to eyes. If you make an abuse and your body registers an excess of sugar or glucose, among the first places where it will store these components are the eyes, increasing the risk of cataracts and even blindness



Speak Your Mind


Current day month ye@r *