Fewer Preterm Births Result From Smoking Bans

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A smoking ban in country Scotland is linked with reduction in preterm infant deliveries and underweight infants, as per a recent research which was conducted by a group of researchers. The countrywide ban on smoking in any public areas took effect from March 2006. The investigators observed the collected data on preterm delivery as well as small-for-gestational –age infants who were born amid the months of January 1996 to December 2009. The number of mothers who were often engaged in smoking had dropped from more than 25% ahead of smoking ban to nearly 19% following the ban.

The investigators also discovered that the preterm deliveries fell by above 10%, while there was approximately 5% reduction in the case of babies born small and approximately 8% reduction in the cases of babies born very small. These reductions in preterm deliveries and under weight infants took place in mothers who often smoked and in those who had in their life never smoked, as per a conclusion which throws light on the impact of second hand smoke, said the researchers. This study was published online periodical called PLoS Medicine. The findings of the study further recommend that the growing evidence of the extensive health advantages of legislation which is smoke free and extend support to the acceptance of such legislation in nations where it has not been adopted yet, admitted by the authors of the study. This research was initiated and led by Jill Pell from the University of Glasgow.

While the investigators discovered a relationship amid the reduction in under weight babies and smoking ban, the study did not show any particular evidence that these reductions were a result of the smoking ban by the country.

smoking ban, reduction in preterm infant deliveries, underweight infants, small-for-gestational –age infants, PLoS Medicine

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Teenage Use Silence To Cope With Stress and Depression

Young individuals from the Eastern Cape are making use of silence to interact and manage their stress, a recent study has discovered. This research recommends that young individuals are required to be empowered with perfect and effectual ways of managing stress, says Dr. Mzikazi Nduna, who led the study. Observation of answers as to why the youth chooses to be silent on stress proved that there is a fundamental meaning to the non-expression of depression.  The meaning helped in fulfilling different however related purposes, said Nduna.

Psychological Depression:

The research was conducted to find the initials and responses to the depression by young individuals, given that reported levels of intellectual stress in youth of South Africa. The study was conducted in Butterworth region and the nearby areas which included young individuals whose age ranged from 16 to 22 years. The various factors which caused them stress and depressions are mentioned below:

  • Financial hardships
  • Poverty
  • Not aware of whom their fathers were
  • Being orphaned
  • And many other factors

Young individuals engage in risk gender behavior:

It was additionally discovered that the gender non-conformity, academic failures, delinquency and substance abuse frequently resulted in conflict amid the young individuals and their parents which consequently led to intellectual depression. Nduna said that silence was used by the young individuals as a strategy for containing a possible hurtful condition, proving gratitude for the accrued benefits and defending others. The research also proved that the young individuals who felt depressed and disempowered were more probable to externalize their inner turmoil by involving in risky gender behavior, displaying delinquent tendencies or becoming aggressive. This research was published in Sapa in March 2012 issue.



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