First aid for child injuries

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What is the best way to treat a sunburn? How can most effectively intervene if the child hits his head?

Below are some first aid measures that parents can take if the child suffers an injury.


1. Overview
2. First aid

First aid

Blows to the head

Swift action. Assuming your child is awake and responsive (otherwise you will call an ambulance), apply a compress with ice or a bag of frozen vegetables on the injured area for 20 minutes, to reduce any trace of inflammation.

What will do next. You should follow closely the general condition of the child. If the pupil size changes, if there are vomiting, dizziness, pain gets worse or the child does not eat or feels bad, you should take him to a doctor.

What will not do. Even though child sleeps, the parent will wake him up every 4 hours (first day after the accident) to be convinced that feels good and is conscious. The child will prohibit sports activities a few days.

Cuts or scratches

Swift action. If there is active bleeding is indicated to apply direct pressure with a clean piece of cloth. Bleeding should stop in 5-10 minutes. Otherwise, seek medical advice.

What will do next. If there is a foreign object inside the wound should be removed with tweezers sterilized in alcohol. Clean the wound with soap and warm water, then wipe it with a clean towel and will apply an antibiotic ointment. Cover with a sterile dressing, which will change daily until complete healing of the wound.

What will not do. Do not wipe the wound with antiseptic that contains peroxide because is not required; if you do this the sore will be more pronounced and this will exacerbate trauma.


Swift action. If the nosebleed is accompanied by vomiting or child is unusually pale and sweaty, you should get medical help. If nasal bleeding is not accompanied by any other symptoms, press the nostrils firmly for 10 minutes.

What will do next. If the bleeding does not stop, it will go to the doctor.

What will not do. Child will not be lied down and do not have to tip his head back, as could swallow blood. Not putting bandages on his nose, because along with elimination, scabs might reopen. Instead, it can be inserted into the nose, gauze moistened with decongestant nasal drops that act to constrict blood vessels.


Swift action. Apply cold water to the affected area for several minutes, then pat with a clean towel.

What will do next. To improve the initial pain will apply a compress of cold water and will cover the burn with a sterile bandage. You should provide ibuprofen to your child in order to calm down the pain. If occur the burn blisters, discharge, pronounced redness that persist more than a few hours, seek medical help.

What will not do. Do not apply any ointment that can worsen the burn. It also will not put butter on the burn because its composition bacteria can cause an infection.




  1. Knowing first aid (or even CPR or other basic health skills) can go such a long way in helping your children – and others’! The tragic part often is that parents/caregivers aren’t prepared and the pain/tragedy occurs and they are unprepared to help out when most needed.

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