First aid guide for summer

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Food poisoning

Symptoms of food poisoning usually occurs in about 4 hours. Diarrhea and vomiting may occur together or separately.

After the disappearance of vomiting, you must drink plenty of water or non-fizzy drinks, frequently, with small sips. Beverages containing oral rehydration substances are ideal.

The affected person will eat when hungry. If after 24 hours there is no improvement, see your physician.


1. Food poisoning
2. Bee bite
3. Heat exhaustion
4. Sunburns
5. Nasal bleeding

Bee bite

Bees are not as aggressive as wasps and stings when you touch them accidentally. Immediate, after they sing you, local swelling and pain will occur. If you see the needle, remove it carefully by scraping and apply an ice pack on the injection site to relieve inflammation and soothe discomfort.

Do not remove the needle with tweezers because the needle may have a venom sac at one end and using tweezers may cause the spread of large amounts of venom than in the original.

If inflammation develops dramatically or if the victim feels dizzy or has trouble breathing, seek emergency medical service because it can be a sign of severe allergic reactions.

Heat exhaustion

Sharp sensation of thirst, accompanied by headache, dizziness and abdominal cramps are signs of heat exhaustion. This occurs when a person is dehydrated and can’t sweat (sweat acts as a cooling body).

Avoid direct sunlight and remove any excess clothing, leaving only loose clothing. Ideally you should drink isotonic drinks. If you only water is available, sip regularly in small sips.

Lie down with feet elevated for blood to reach the brain and reduce the feeling of dizziness. Seek emergency medical help if there is no sign of improvement even after 15-20 minutes.


Although the skin can be burned even after just a half an hour of sun exposure, can take up to 12 hours until the damage events occur.

Try to cool the skin as quickly as a cold bath or shower, take anti-inflammatory such as ibuprofen for pain relief and use a moisturizer that has been previously cooled in the refrigerator.

Do not drink alcohol, even on the ice, as they will expand more blood vessels on the skin and the sensation of hotness will increase. If you have sunburn accompanied by blisters filled with fluid, see a doctor. Do not break so as not to infect.

Nasal bleeding

The thin blood vessels from nasal mucosa are fragile, so any blow to the nose or repeated sneezing can cause a nosebleed. Keep head forward to allow blood to drain from the nose and then catch the soft part of nose for 10 minutes.

If the blood still flows, try the technique again, for 10 minutes. Do not put your head back so that blood should not flow to the neck as vomiting may occur.

Do not blow your nose when bleeding has stopped as this will dislodge any clot formed. If bleeding is profuse after a half of hour, call emergency medical service.



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