First aid kit

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A well-stocked first aid kit, kept within reach, is a necessity in any home. If you have the necessary tools kit you can treat an emergency at the right time.

It is important to keep a first aid kit at home and one in your car. Also make sure you have handy kit when you go on holiday with the family.

You can purchase a first aid kit at drugstores or you can compose yourself


1. Overview
2. What a first aid kit must include
3. Pain killers
4. Fever
5. Sore throat and cough
6. Diarrhea, constipation or indigestion
7. Carsickness
8. Burns
9. Insect bites
10. Cuts and scrapes
11. Other useful items for first aid kit

What a first aid kit must include

Include these things in your first aid kit
- First aid manual
- Sterile gauze pads of different sizes
- Duct tape
- Adhesive bandages of various sizes
- Elastic bandage
- A splint
- Antiseptic wipes
- Soap
- Antibiotic ointment
- An antiseptic
- Hydrocortisone cream (1%)
- Acetaminophen and ibuprofen
- Medicines obtained on prescription
- Tweezers
- Sharp scissors
- Safety pins
- Calamine lotion
- Alcohol wipes or ethyl alcohol
- Thermometer
- At least 2 pairs of non-latex gloves
- Flashlight and batteries
- A blanket
- Sterile support for the mouth (where you had to resuscitated a person to give mouth to mouth)
- List of emergency phone numbers.

A first aid kit should contain supplies and medication for unexpected illnesses or accidents.

Pain killers

Aspirin and ibuprofen can be purchased without a prescription in most of the countries. These are available in various forms including tablets, soluble tablets ordinary liquids or suppositories and can treat minor pain such as headache, muscle aches, teeth aches, etc.

Children need small doses of specific drugs for children and it is necessary therefore to have them in the first aid kit. You should not use aspirin in children under the age of 16, except where specialist advice.


A first aid kit should contain a thermometer to measure body temperature. An oral digital thermometer is the best choice. Digital thermometers are inserted into the ear to measure temperatures more accurate, but these are also more expensive.

Fever can be relieved with ibuprofen. Fever is most commonly caused by viruses that can’t be treated with antibiotics. Although some antibiotics can be purchased without a prescription, it is recommended to avoid using them. For antibiotics should consult your doctor first of all.

Sore throat and cough

These are common ailments, so it would be a good idea to keep in your first aid kit drugs that can treat these symptoms, such as lozenges against sore throat or a syrup mixture that can help relieve cough.

Cough syrups are not recommended for children under 6 when they contain certain ingredients. It will ask your doctor or pharmacist to ensure that you have in the kit medicines to treat cough especially to the children.

Diarrhea, constipation or indigestion

It is a good idea to be prepared to treat diarrhea. For this thing you can use drugs that are available without prescription. Loperamide is an ideal product that you must have in a first aid kit, although it is not recommended in young children.

When diarrhea or vomiting occur, the patient must be sufficiently hydrated. This is especially important if the patients are children. Cola drinks are very useful because they replace essential salts and sugars lost.

A first aid kit should contain also a rehydration drug (powder or tablets) to prevent dehydration.

Many people suffer from constipation when traveling on long distances. A mild laxative, available at any pharmacy, usually improves, most of the symptoms.

For people who suffer from indigestion or heartburn (after eating spicy foods for example) is a good idea to keep in a first aid kit an antacid medicine.


It is advisable to keep in the first aid kit medicines to combat motion sickness caused by transport by car, sea or air; these drugs can be purchased without a prescription.


First aid kit should contain greenhouse sunscreen lotions that are applied in those who have suffered burns caused by excessive sun exposure.

Insect bites

Include in the kit antihistamines and calamine lotion or calamine, to treat and control the itching caused by insect bites or stings. It is recommended to purchase insect sprays when traveling in areas populated by mosquitoes or other insects.

Cuts and scrapes

The following items are useful to treat minor cuts and scratches:
- Non-alcohol pads to clean wounds
- Gauze pads or cotton gauze for cleaning, drying and covering wounds
- Waterproof plasters
- Sterile dressings that do not stick to wounds
- Permeable adhesive tape to keep the bandage on the wounds
- Gauze bandages
- Antiseptic cream or lotion

Other useful items for first aid kit

Among the objects that might be useful in case of accident, pain or discomfort may include:
- Disposable gloves
- Tweezers – to remove foreign objects such as sticks or bee needles
- Scissors
- Safety pins to secure bandages
- Cotton swabs to clean small wounds
- Saline eyewash
- Sterile eye pads – as a temporary bandage or cover the injured eye
- Plastic film for application to severe burns and prevent infection. Since this type of film does not stick burning, is easily removed later by the medical staff will treat burns
- Triangular bandages – used as a support for a hurt shoulder or arm or scalp bandage



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