Gallbladder

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Overview

Gallbladder (cholecyst) is a tiny organ, pear-shaped, located below the liver in the upper right quadrant of the abdomen. Its main function is to collect and concentrate the bile that the body uses to digest fats.

The most common problems of gallbladder and biliary system are:

- Inflammation of the gallbladder and bile ducts
- Muscle spasms and / or poor contraction of the gallbladder wall
- Stones that form in the gallbladder and / or bile ducts
- Obstruction of bile flow.


Contents

1. Overview
2. Diseases of the gallbladder
3. When is absolutely necessary to seek a doctor
4. Treatment
5. Problems that may mask gallbladder disorders


Diseases of the gallbladder

Gallstones (cholelithiasis) – For reasons unclear, substances in the bile can crystallize to form gallstones in the gallbladder.

Cholecystitis – inflammation of the gallbladder is caused, most often due to gallbladder stones. Cholecystitis can cause severe pain, fever and may require surgery when inflammation returns.

Gallbladder cancer – Although rare, cancer can affect the gallbladder.

Biliary pancreatitis – Some gallbladder stones block the ducts that drain the pancreas. In this case the resulting inflammation of the pancreas.


When is absolutely necessary to seek a doctor

If the gallbladder or bile ducts bars are infected or blocked by mud, stones, acute symptoms may occur, severe. These include:

- severe abdominal pain that may radiate to the back and right shoulder
- vomiting
- fever
- sepsis (infection spreads beyond the gallbladder in blood flow)
- inflammation of the pancreas or pancreatitis


Treatment

Cholecystectomy – involves gallbladder removal either by laparoscopy or laparatomy.

Antibiotics – infection may be present during cholecystitis. Although antibiotics do not heal normally, cholecystitis, they can prevent the spread of infection.

Chemotherapy and radiotherapy – After surgery for gallbladder cancer treatment will be chemotherapy and radiation therapy to prevent relapse of cancer.

Ursodeoxycholic acid – People who have gallstones and not suitable for surgery will follow this treatment orally. Ursodeoxycholic acid may help dissolve gallstones than cholesterol and may reduce symptoms. Another oral solution with similar effect is called chenix.

Shockwave lithotripsy with shock waves – high-energy shocks are designed by a machine through the abdominal wall and break outside gallstones. This work best if they are present only a few small gallstones.

Dissolving using a solvent – This is a treatment procedure that involves inserting a needle through the skin into the gallbladder. This way, the doctor will inject some chemicals that dissolve gallstones.


Problems that may mask gallbladder disorders

These types of problems include:

- inflammation of the stomach known as gastritis
- gastroesophageal reflux
- stomach or duodenal ulcer
- food allergies
- gluten intolerance
- hepatic cysts caused by bile flow slowly
- fatty liver or hepatic congestion
- emotional stress that causes spasms in smooth muscles of the intestine
- adverse reactions to anti-inflammatory drugs that can affect the liver and stomach

Comments

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Comments

  1. My wife having a contracted gallbladder with stone . in Ultra sound not seen clearly .what was the test to identy fy axect position of that . Can be aalternate of surgery to make a gallbladder in original shape ( from contracted position ) is that safe to go for Homeopathy treatment.What to do axactly may suggest plase.

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