Guide to use drugs without a prescription

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1. Avoiding double dose of medication


Most people when they are sick use drugs to lower fever, to relief the general pain, cough and runny nose before reaching a doctor.

Anyone can be in danger of accidentally using an overdose of drugs considering that these are released without a prescription and the person has no knowledge in this domain.

Drugs administered for pain relief are not generally dangerous if used correctly. But prolonged use can lead to the formation of liver damage, stomach bleeding and kidney disease.


Contents

1. Avoiding double dose of medication
2. Classification
3. The importance of patient information leaflet
4. Safe use of acetaminophen
5. Signs and symptoms of overdose


2. Classification

First, it is important to know the type of drugs without a prescription, which are classified into:
- Anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) – aspirin, ibuprofen, naproxen etc.
- Acetaminophen – Tylenol.

Acetaminophen is contained in many medicines obtained without a prescription. In addition to pain relief, these types of drugs are designed to reduce fever and are available in many forms: tablets, capsules, gels and liquids.

The nonprescription painkillers are safe and effective when administered according to regimens containing including medicines to relieve allergy symptoms manifested during flu or cold, but other types of drugs, such as those obtained with a prescription.

It is important not to use more than one drug that has the same active ingredient. Before recommending a medicine, it is essential that the doctor or pharmacist know if a person suffer from other health problems for which he uses other drugs.


3. The importance of patient information leaflet

In a drug package will be listed all active and inactive ingredients of the medication. In addition to these, dosing instructions will be also mentioned.

Among the most common types of medicines obtained without a prescription and contain acetaminophen or NSAIDs are:
- Medicines for pain relief, including some types of painkillers prescription issued;
- Medicines to reduce fever;
- Medicines to relieve the symptoms of allergies;
- Medicines to treat symptoms of a cold or flu;
- Drugs for removing insomnia;
- Medications to relieve pain caused by arthritis, headaches or sinusitis;


4. Safe use of acetaminophen

Acetaminophen is one of the drugs most commonly used because it is an active ingredient composition found in hundreds of types of drugs.

Acetaminophen can be very dangerous when the recommended dose is exceeded because it can cause serious liver damage that can cause liver failure and even death of the patient. The risk is higher for people suffering from liver disease and uses acetaminophen or uses more than three alcoholic drinks per day.


5. Signs and symptoms of overdose

Anyone who feels that he used a too high dose of a drug without prescription must request medical help immediately.

Signs and symptoms of overdose include:
- Nausea or vomiting;
- Heartburn or throat burn;
- Stomach pain;
- Fever;
- Dizziness;
- Rapid eye movements;
- Fatigue;
- Bleeding or bruising;
- Yellowing of the eyes or skin;
- Confusion.

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