Guidelines to treat flu

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1. Overview


Muscle pain, headache and fever are some of the symptoms that can occur after a person gets contacts the flu. However the situation can improve if they will fight against influenza with antiviral drugs.

Flu symptoms (runny nose, sore throat, fatigue, muscle aches, fever) may interfere with daily activities, preventing any person to undertake.

However, with nonprescription drugs health can improve. Usually the doctor is the one who recommends antiviral drugs for shortening the illness duration.


Contents

1. Overview
2. First steps to treat flu
3. Antiviral medication for flu treatment


2. First steps to treat flu

Annual vaccination is the first measure that could be taken to protect against specific influenza viruses. However, if the flu is contacted, most people will heal in a week or two. In this case, there are several ways that to control the symptoms:

- Rest – the patient will be isolated and the rest is indicated both for the disease period to be as short as possible, but also because influenza is contagious and it should not be transmitted to others. Rest is needed especially when fever is present because the body must be given the power it needs to fight the virus.

- Increasing the amount of fluid consumed – fluid intake is very important for thinning mucus and decreases the risk of dehydration.

- Avoid tobacco and alcohol – will quit smoking in order not to increase flu symptoms and avoid alcohol including during convalescence period.

- Use of medicines obtained without a prescription, depending on symptoms (pain relievers, decongestants, antitussives, expectorants). Children and adolescents who suffer from viral diseases should not take aspirin because it can cause Reye syndrome.


3. Antiviral medication for flu treatment

In some cases, the doctor may prescribe antiviral drugs to treat influenza. Antivirals may take the form of pills, liquid medications or inhaled medication. They are designed to prevent the spread of the virus in the body and fight against influenza.

Antiviral drugs can shorten disease duration and can make flu symptoms more bearable. They also may reduce the risk of flu complications triggering, so that antivirals are recommended especially for people who are at high risk of developing complications (children, elderly, people with pre-existing conditions).

Anyone who thinks he needs antiviral medication, should seek medical attention as soon as possible after the first signs of flu. These drugs are especially effective if they are used faster (two days is the general recommendation) after disease onset.

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