Headache and Headswirl in Vertigo

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The human body is full of complexities hidden behind it. But have you ever wondered why it is functioning in a very smooth manner? It is because of balance. Homeostasis or balance is defined as the state of equilibrium. It takes significant amount of work for this to occur in the body and it is controlled by the brain.  Many sensory and motor inputs from different parts of the body are received by the brain, and in return respond to these inputs. However, if the brain is exhausted, it also malfunctions and sends signals to the body that it is already tired of today’s work, and here now comes headache and vertigo.

Headache or medically known as cephalgia is defined as a pain in the head or upper neck. It is one of the most common locations of pain in the body and has many causes. It might be a symptom of varied illnesses that afflict the head and the neck or it can also be due to exhaustion.  The brain tissue itself is not sensitive to pain because it lacks pain receptors. Rather, the pain is caused by disturbance of the pain-sensitive structures around the brain. Some of these structures include: the cranium and the structures outside the cranium i.e., muscles, veins, nerves, etc.

Since there are a lot of people suffering from headache, it is very difficult to identify the cause of which—leading to difficulty in terms of its treatment. Thus, the International Headache Society made 3 classifications of headache according to its cause, in order to provide a much easier way of diagnosing headache, also, providing effective treatment. There are three major categories of headaches:

-          Primary headaches. These are the most common type of headaches. It includes migraine, tension, and cluster headaches, as well as a variety of other less common types of headache. These can affect the quality of life. Some people have occasional headaches that resolve quickly while others are debilitated.

-          Secondary headaches. These are those that are due to an underlying structural problem in the head or neck. A number of characteristics make it more likely that the headache is due to potentially dangerous secondary causes; some of these may be life-threatening or cause long-term damage.

-          Lastly, cranial neuralgias, facial pain, and other headaches.  These describe a group of headaches that occur because the nerves in the head and upper neck become inflamed and become the source of the pain in the head.

Some headaches are self-limiting. It means that not all headaches need special medical attention. Most of which respond to simple analgesia such as paracetamol and NSAIDS. Still, it is much better to consult your healthcare provider, especially if the headache is occurring more frequently.

Vertigo, on the other hand, is a feeling of spinning movement and sometimes accompanied bynausea and vomiting. The symptoms are due to a dysfunction of the vestibular system in the inner ear. It is often associated with nausea and vomiting as well as difficulties standing or walking.

Definitive treatment depends on the underlying cause of the vertigo. Thus, consult first your healthcare provider and ask for some medical advice and treatment.



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