Help—My Ovarian Cyst Has Burst!

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When you are diagnosed with an ovarian cyst, you might feel like it’s the end of your life and think negatively of undergoing surgery, radiation treatment and even the possibility of not being able to conceive. However, this certain idea is out of proportion! Not all ovarian cysts are life threatening! In fact, ovarian cysts may go on unnoticed and asymptomatic.

An ovarian cyst is per se, not a medically dangerous condition—in fact most women with this condition can carry on with their normal life and reproductive functions. Furthermore, there are people whose ovarian cysts are merely diagnosed accidentally without them even feeling any sign or symptom pointing out to the said disease. But the big issue here is that what if these ovarian cysts burst?

What Are Ovarian Cysts?

Ovarian cysts are basically pouches or sacs in the ovary or in the areas adjacent to it containing fluid, solid debris or a combination of both. These cysts are common among people aging thirty to sixty years old, however, even children can also develop ovarian cysts. Ovarian cysts may occur singly or in clusters. It may occur unilaterally, meaning in one ovary or bilaterally, meaning in both ovaries. Most of these ovarian cysts are benign (non-cancerous) and the percentage which accounts for malignant ovarian cysts is 15%.

Ovarian cysts develop from an ovarian follicle which has been unable to rupture. Normally, when an ovarian follicle ripens, it should rupture in order for the egg cell to be released. However, failure of these follicles to rupture lead to either its further enlargement or its staying the same size leading to its development as cysts. Furthermore, these cysts may rupture on its own.

Signs and Symptoms of Ovarian Cysts Burst

-          Sharp Abdominal or Lower Pelvic Pain, especially upon having sexual intercourse, performing strenuous tasks, etc. This is due to the pelvic muscles that are used in performing these activities.

-          Irregular Menstruation or Amenorrhea. This indicates the inability of the ovaries to release an ovum via rupture of a follicle. Thus, if you fail to have menstrual periods, it may indicate the presence of unruptured follicles which may develop into cysts.

-          Pain Upon Urination or Defecation. Like the first symptom, this is also related to the group of muscles which are likewise used in such activities.

-          Vaginal Spotting

-          Infertility

Treatment for Ovarian Cysts Burst

Laparoscopic Surgery. This involves the insertion of a laparoscope in order to view the contents of the pelvic cavity through a screen. Several other instruments are inserted through a puncture in the abdomen including instruments which will incise and cauterize the ovarian cysts.

Laparotomy. Unlike laparoscopic surgery, laparotomy involves the incision of the abdominal cavity in order to remove the cystic formation.

Complications of an Ovarian Cysts Burst

Complications may take place like hemorrhage, related to the blood loss of the ruptured cyst, most especially if it includes vessel damage. Furthermore, peritonitis or infection of the peritoneal cavity resulting from the spread of toxins or materials inside the cyst, can possibly occur.




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