Hemorrhoids during pregnancy

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A hemorrhoid is a varicose dilatation. During pregnancy, veins from the inside and around the rectum often swell, when the amount of blood circulating through them increases. All veins expand, especially those at the bottom of the uterus.

Symptoms include itching, burning, pain and bleeding. Bleeding coming from a hemorrhoid is red and is often seen on toilet paper rather than in the toilet. When rectal bleeding is present you should seek your doctor, especially if you suspect it is caused by a hemorrhoid.


1. Overview
2. Cause of hemorrhoids during pregnancy
3. Why are hemorrhoids more common during pregnancy?
4. How to avoid the formation of hemorrhoids
5. Kegel exercises
6. Foods that help relieve hemorrhoids

Cause of hemorrhoids during pregnancy

The pressure of the uterus that expands, increased blood flow in the pelvic area, encountered during pregnancy, can cause itching and swelling of veins in the rectal wall. Constipation during pregnancy can cause or aggravate hemorrhoids.

They can develop after birth or after labor too. However, there is some good news: there are quite a lot alternative treatments for hemorrhoids during pregnancy that usually disappear after this.

Why are hemorrhoids more common during pregnancy?

Pregnancy predisposes to hemorrhoids and varicose veins in the legs and even sometimes the vulva, from various causes. Enlarging the uterus and pelvic veins pushing the inferior vena cava (a vein located on the right side of the body that receives blood from the legs). This can slow blood flow in the lower body, which will increase pressure on the veins located below the uterus and they will become enlarged or swollen.

Constipation, another common problem during pregnancy, can cause or aggravate hemorrhoids. This is because any person who has hard stool, tends to force and the action result in the formation or worsening of hemorrhoids. In addition, increasing levels of progesterone during pregnancy relax vein walls, allowing them to swell more easily.

How to avoid the formation of hemorrhoids

Even if pregnancy predisposes to hemorrhoids, does not mean that their development can’t be prevented. Here are some ways of their prevention of it or treatment:

- Avoid constipation by eating fiber (whole grains, beans, fruits, vegetables), a large amount of water (8-10 glasses per day) and through regular physical activity, even if it means a short walk, brisk. If you are constipated again, ask your doctor if you use a fiber supplement or various substances with a role in softening the stool.
- Don’t delay visiting the toilet when there is a need to defecate, try not to push too hard and don’t spend too long in the toilet.

- Do Kegel exercises every day to stimulate blood circulation in the rectal area and strengthen the muscles around the anus, to decrease chances of developing hemorrhoids. With these exercises can strengthen and tone the muscles around the vagina and urethra, helping the body recover after childbirth.
- Avoid sitting on the chair for long periods. If your job involves so, get up and move it a little every hour. Home, sit on the left side of the body when sleeping, reading or watching TV, to ease pressure on rectal veins and help to recirculate blood in the lower body.

Kegel exercises

Tense the muscles around the vagina and rectum. Hold this position for 8-10 seconds, relax and then resume. Make several sets of these exercises throughout the day. You can do Kegel exercises anywhere.

Other measures to treat hemorrhoids during pregnancy:

Hemorrhoids are swollen veins, pain in the anus and rectum. To ease the pain of hemorrhoids during pregnancy you can try the following measures:

- Soak cotton pads in hammelis infusion or witch hazel which is astringent and apply it on the anal area. Change frequently the cotton swabs.
- Soak in warm water several times a day.
- Apply cold compresses or ice to relieve inflammation of the anus hemorrhoids.
- Keep the anal area clean. After you defecated use wipes rather than dry toilet paper.
- Avoid sitting on the chair for long periods of time to not put pressure on veins in the anus and rectum. When possible, lay in part or in feet. Take breaks in which to walk.
- Try a cream without a prescription to combat hemorrhoids.
- Avoid constipation during pregnancy by consuming adequate amounts of fiber in the diet, the consumption of water and fluids, including daily exercise.
- Ask your doctor to recommend fiber supplements and laxatives.

Foods that help relieve hemorrhoids

A diet rich in fiber, obtained from fruit and raw vegetables is all you need to do to eliminate or prevent constipation and even prevent and cure hemorrhoids.

If you want to enter fiber in your daily diet, especially bran, you should do it gradually. The quantity of bran and cereal should be increased in weeks, constantly.

Fiber from fruits and vegetables can be added at any time, without too many restrictions. However, until their stomach will use them in a beneficial use, you will probably present flatulence for a week or two.

Here are some recommended foods to relieve hemorrhoids:

- juices – especially for hemorrhoids are indicated berries juices (blackberries, blueberries, raspberries) equally mixed with apple juice.
- food with a highly content of iron – Here are some foods that contain iron, which will help keep your iron stores: chicken liver, prunes, dried apricots, sunflower seeds, baked potatoes, cashews, almonds, sesame seeds, pistachio , raisins, cooked broccoli, tuna, cantaloupe, lettuce.
- ginger, garlic and onions – Add these three herbs in your diet. Each of them helps break down fibrin.
- oils – at every meal use for salads olive oil, flaxseed, apple cider vinegar. In soups, put olive oil and linseed or other dishes (where this is possible), or after each meal take a fish oil capsule.



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