How to avoid the greatest dangers for your overall health

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Heart disease, cancer, chronic respiratory diseases, stroke and other chronic diseases are responsible for approximately 70% of the deaths of many people each year.

Their frequency increases as you age. There are a number of measures that can be taken to ensure that these conditions be less encountered or their impact to be minimized.

Exercise every day, fill your plate with fruits and vegetables, enough sleep and avoid smoking.


1. Overview
2. Change your lifestyle
3. Know yourself
4. The role of vaccination and preventive investigations
5. Concrete actions

Change your lifestyle

The main enemy of blocked blood vessels is fat. To maintain heart health you should not smoke, do exercise, follow a healthy diet and not take too much weight.

Equally important is that blood pressure levels, cholesterol and blood sugar the be kept under control. Adopting even a few of good manners is more than doing nothing.

Do 30 minutes of moderate aerobic exercise activity, brisk walking 6 days a week and the risk of premature death from cardiovascular disease and cancer will decrease considerably.

Another way to extend the number of days is to quit smoking. Smoking not only increases the possibility of heart disease but significantly increases the probability of dying from lung cancer.

The research confirmed that people who haven’t smoke have lived 10 years longer (on average) than those who smoke a pack a day. Quitting smoking at any age can add years to your life.

Heavy drinking (more than one drink daily for women and more than two drinks per day for men) contribute to the development of liver cancer and was associated with an increased risk of breast cancer (the second cause of death after cancer among women).

Seeking help for depression is another factor that contributes to prolonging life. Among men, suicide and intentional injury are some of the leading causes of death.

Know yourself

Statistically speaking, most people can die as a result of chronic diseases. How can you know which are the diseases that should be prevented?

All diseases have genetic and environmental components. What you can do is to change the environmental risks and be aware of personal risk.

Knowing the personal risks involved tracking and analyzing medical and family history of how certain factors such as gender, age, race and ethnicity can be vulnerable to certain diseases.

If certain conditions could be considered as a major risk, talk to your doctor about the possibility of genetic tests that can help you decide the evolution of further treatment.

Women who are carriers of a genetic mutation associated with a more aggressive type of breast cancer, for example, could choose preventive mastectomy in order to reduce breast cancer risk by 90%.

Although people want to know the risks, they can be overwhelmed by the lack of control over the situation. The decision to undergo testing is not easy for any person, especially without the guidance of a genetic counselor.

There are other measures that can be taken to prevent diseases that were present in the same family, such as avoiding alcohol (if relatives suffered from alcoholism), use sunscreen (if relatives suffered from melanoma), etc.

The role of vaccination and preventive investigations

According to studies, people’s attitude towards clinical preventive services has an important role in prolonging their lives.

Experts have predicted that the optimal use of new clinical investigations: colonoscopy, screening and treatment for high blood pressure, flu shots, etc. could prevent up to 100,000 of the deaths in a year in people under 80 years and up to 40,000 deaths in people under 65.

However, only about one quarter of adults aged 50-65 years give the importance of recommended vaccines and preventive investigations.

Moreover, a single pneumococcal vaccine after age 65 can drastically reduce the possibilities of dying due to this disease.

Experts recommend several types of vaccines in people aged over 65 years, such as tetanus, shingles, diphtheria, pertussis and other serious conditions commonly found among adults.

Since screening recommendations change often, the physician recommendations remain important in this regard. Many women do not know the recommended age to begin investigations for breast cancer prevention and how often it should be tested.

Most experts agree that mammography and colonoscopies are important from age 50-75 years. Also, women between 21-65 years should do a regular control to detect early signs of cervical cancer.

Concrete actions

Prevention and early detection are essential for proper and timely treatment of the disease. Many people die each year because not taking treatment as prescribed.

It is important to recognize the warning signs of major diseases that kill. Stroke can kill 15% of victims within 30 days. Following a recent study found that only 51% of stroke victims arrived at the hospital by ambulance – this is quite worrisome statistic.



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