How To Treat Hives?

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Hives can be very irritating—literally and figuratively. Firstly, hives can irritate our skin, and body in general because of the swelling and itchiness that we may feel with such condition. Second, hives can meddle with our daily lives. It can hamper our ability to think and act properly as well as it can also lead to many other complications when unmanaged.

Hives are caused by various factors—but one thing common among all these factors is that these are triggers to our body’s immune response or allergic response. We may suffer from hives when we have inhaled a certain allergen (pollen, chemical, etc) which may trigger our body to release histamines. Hives may also result from taking in foods, more commonly seafoods, to which our body can be very sensitive to. Drugs, as well, can lead to an allergic response leading to appearance of hives or urticaria.

What happens with hives is that once the body comes in contact, either directly or indirectly to a trigger, our blood will be triggered to release histamines. Histamines are blood components which may trigger sneezing, nasal congestion, itchiness or swelling. When unmanaged, or when there is a failure to respond to such response immediately, it can lead to further difficulties like shortness and inability to breathe properly and efficiently, as well as shut down circulation to important organs in the body (i.e. anaphylactic shock). As such, treatment for hives is of important and URGENT matter.

Anti-Histamines. Anyone who has already experienced hives at one point in his or her life has already tried taking anti-histamines. These anti-histamines come in popular brand names like Benadryl, Zyrtec, Claritin and the like. What anti-histamines do is that they block the histamine response of the body to the allergic triggers. As we all know, these histamine components are responsible for the inflammatory response of our body leading to hives making anti-histamines as one of the best treatment of hives. The most common side effect of anti-histamines is sleepiness and drowsiness so make sure that upon taking this drug, you are not supposed to drive or operate heavy machineries of equipments. Otherwise, you may be prone to injuries and accidents.

Corticosteroids. Steroids are used in treatment of hives if in case oral antihistamines do not take its toll on the appearance of hives. Steroids are also effective anti-inflammatory drugs so these steroids can lessen the symptoms of hives. However, steroids have its side effects like lowered immune resistance making a person prone to infections, as well as it tends to retain more body fluids leading to weight gain.

Epinephrine. In events of acute and severe hives, emergency treatment of hives need to be employed. The primary drug used in treating hives is epinephrine. Epinephrine is given intravenously in a small amount and has an immediate effect. Treatment of hives can occur in a matter of minutes, however, epinephrine does not stay in the body system for a long period unlike other drugs which has a higher bioavailablity.

Treatment of hives comes in many forms and these are just a few of them. There are many other methods by which one can be treated from hive allergies.

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