Improvements in Juvenile Fibromyalgia Brought About by Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy

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Due to the stressful events that everyday life offers, psychological pains as well as real body pains are Oftenly felt not only by adults but also of young children and teenagers. However, this body pain, when frequently being noticed and felt can be a symptom of a condition known as fibromyalgia. Fibromyalgia belongs to the musculoskeletal disorders causing aches particularly at tender point sites. It is not only body pain that fibromyalgia is bringing to its patients but as well as anxiety, fatigue, depression and sleep disturbances that affects the daily living and mood of the patient suffering from it. Because of its unknown etiology, researchers are continuously working on the treatment regimen and the concrete nature of the cause of this condition.

On the other hand, cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) is a combination of the traditional cognitive therapy and behavioral therapy in one approach. This treatment is commonly used to treat mood and anxiety disorders, eating disorders, substance abuse and even psychological disorders. This kind of method facilitates interaction between patient and professional therapist to modify unlikely behaviors and evaluate thought processes of every patient to cope with their situation.

In the present time, there were trial conducted that liked the practice of cognitive-behavioral therapy to the improvement of patients having juvenile fibromyalgia. The targeted symptoms that were found out to respond to the therapy were depressive symptoms and functional disability. There are about 2% to 7% of school age children that are affected by juvenile fibromyalgia syndrome, many of which are females. School age group, conversely, needs ample of time and energy for the increase in the demand of their activities, not only at school but also at home. With juvenile fibromyalgia, their school works, physical, psychological, emotional and social status are being put into brink.

The trial was done through a group of random patients 114 adolescents between the ages of 11 and 18 years old having juvenile fibromyalgia. The group was thendivided in a random manner to receive cognitive behavioral therapy and fibromyalgia education respectively. The improvements shown by the patient receiving cognitive behavioral therapy was then found out to be more effective than the other one, even both treatments showed enhancement in terms of pain level, depression symptoms, functional disability and sleep disturbances. The trial was then led by Dr. Susmita Kashikar-Zuck from the Division of Behavioral Medicine and Clinical Psychology at Cincinnati Children’s Hospital Medical Center in Ohio. “Our trial confirms that cognitive-behavioral therapy is a safe and effective treatment for reducing functional disability and depression in patients with juvenile fibromyalgia,” concludes Dr. Kashikar-Zuck. “When added to standard medical care, cognitive-behavioral therapy helps to improve daily functioning and overall wellbeing for adolescents with fibromyalgia.” she added.




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