Indications of a Swollen Knee?

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Knee swelling may be caused by a number of injuries ranging from different medical conditions. With consideration to the cause of knee swelling, it may be either asymptomatic or symptomatic. Apart from the pain which may usually accompany this condition, tenderness, warmth, limited range of movement, as well as muscle weakness may also be present. Bleeding and bruising of the site may also be observed.

The most common cause of knee swelling is trauma to the area. Trauma can be due to accidents, injuries through sports contact, or simply knocking oneself out on the floor and hitting the knees onto a hard object. While it may seem too simple and non-threatening, a knee injury, when unmanaged can go awry and may lead to complications.

Common Knee Swelling Causes

If you have knee swelling and you are not aware as to what have caused such condition, here is a list of the most common causes of knee swelling:

-          Acute Injuries- most commonly, a traumatic injury to the knees will result to knee swelling within one to days after the injury. It is important to take note of the degree of swelling and the presence of bruises.

-          Hemorrhage. A knee may hemorrhage when the structures containing blood vessels have been damaged. A common condition which may lead to bleeding is ACL damage and meniscal tear. These areas are composed of blood vessels and their compression or damage may result to oozing of blood. You can identify presence of blood through bruising of the areas around your knees.

-          Arthritis. Arthritis is simply the inflammation of the joints, most especially the knees. With the presence of arthritis, it would be extremely hard to stand, move and walk. Most commonly affecting the elder population, knee swelling in arthritis occurs during morning, upon waking up.

-          Gout. Gout is another form of arthritis which results from accumulation of uric acid in the blood and their conversion to uric acid crystals. These crystals tend to stick to the joints causing too much pain and injury to the site.

Treatment for Knee Swelling

-          NSAIDS. Anti-inflammatory drugs are commonly prescribed to lessen inflammation and promote healing of the inflamed area. Anti-inflammatory drugs may also contain paracetamol which may lessen the warmth and fever of the affected area.

-          Exercise. Stretching and flexing your knees most especially when they are not painful may help relax the site. Also, this action may help drain the accumulated fluid in the knees.

-          Rest. Nothing can beat the healing effects of rest. When you notice your knees swollen, do not stress it further. Your knees may also give up and swelling is a sign that your knees have been stressed and needs some time to rest on a comfy couch.

-          Cold and Warm Compress. Cold compress is important in numbing the area and preventing further damage. After pain has subsided, applying warm compress may help so that blood can flow efficiently. This can promote internal healing.

Knee swelling can be so annoying. Treating it with the best possible option is a must.

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