Infertility Risk Heightened Among Individuals with STD Complications

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Various campaigns and information drives are made extensive in order to make the public aware about certain disease which can be acquired through different routes such as those Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STD’s). The government and even the health professionals are already bothered with the increasing number of people who are going to hospitals because they are infected with sexually transmitted diseases, and it is even more alarming because of the risk that it actually posts among individuals who are affected especially among the females. In fact, according to a new study, repeated attacks of pelvic inflammatory disease actually increase the risk of a woman to have chronic pelvic pain and infertility.

Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID) is an infection of the pelvic organs of the female which includes the uterus (womb), Fallopian tubes (tubes), ovaries, and cervix. This infection is usually brought about by sexually transmitted diseases which develop an upward infection and spread through the organs present in the pelvis. Females who are of increase risk of having this disease include: those young women who are sexually active, and women with multiple sex partners.

According to Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), that it is estimated that more than 750,000 women experience an episode of acute PID annually. And about 10-15 per cent of these women may become infertile as a result of PID. A large proportion of the ectopic pregnancies occurring every year are due to the consequences of PID.

 

The new study involves analysis and examination of data from about 831 women who belong to the age group of 14 to 38. These women have been diagnosed to have moderate pelvic inflammatory disease. After the initial diagnosis, the researchers tracked down the study participants for about seven years.

Researchers found out during the follow up period that among the study participants, about 21 per cent had repeated episodes of PID for at least once to several times. Also, about one-fifth were diagnosed as infertile. 43 per cent of the women had experienced chronic pelvic pain and about 57 per cent of them had pregnancy occurred.

Moreover lead investigator Dr. Maria Trent, a pediatrician and expert on teen reproductive health at Johns Hopkins Children’s Center, said in a Hopkins news release, and her team concluded that those women who experienced bouts of pelvic inflammatory disease have twice increase risk to be infertile and four times more likely to experience chronic pelvic pain as to those who did not have repeated attacks.

 

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