Ischemia Symptoms to Watch Out For

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Ischemia is considered as the decrease of blood flow in different organs and organ systems in the body. Of all the possible types of ischemia that may happen to a person, the most common form is myocardial ischemia and cerebral ischemia.

From the term itself, myocardial ischemia refers to the decreased blood supply to the muscles of the heart while cerebral ischemia is the inadequate supply of oxygenated blood the cerebral or brain tissues.

Each of these two common forms of condition have unique ischemia symptoms that we need to be knowledgeable of. Here is a list of the common ischemia symptoms that we need to watch out for.

Myocardial Ischemia Symptoms

-          Chest Pain- this is the most common form of ischemia symptom. Chest pain is due to the inadequate amount of blood that trickles in specific areas of the heart;

-          Pain That Radiates To the Chest, Jaw, Back and Shoulders- this is how the pattern of the pain radiates;

-          Shortness of Breath- a person may experience difficulty of breathing since the heart is not able to pump blood properly;

-          Pulse Irregularities- this occurs because of the loss of function of the heart. One of the functions of the heart is to conduct and produce pulses to the rest of the body. Lack of blood supply can impair this function;

-          Nausea and vomiting;

-          Diaphoresis; and

-          Dizziness.

Cerebral Ischemia Symptoms

-          Weakness in one side of the body- this will greatly depend on the area or hemisphere of the brain where ischemia occurred. If you feel left sided weakness, your right hemisphere is affected. Whereas if you feel right sided weakness, it is your left lobe that has had ischemia.

-          Vision Disturbances- the optic nerve is located in the brain and is actually the largest nerve that can be located in the cerebra area. When blood supply in the brain becomes decreased, your eyesight can be affected and you may experience blurring of vision, doubling of vision, etc.

-          Vertigo- this is a feeling of extreme nausea and vomiting, as if you are having motion sickness. Lack of blood supply to the brain can lead to balance problems, thus the occurrence of vertigo.

-          Loss of Coordination- this is highly correlated to vertigo. When our brain is deprived of oxygen, our center of balance and coordination is also affected.

-          Slurred Speech- like other bodily functions, the center of speech and articulation is also located in the brain. So once blood circulation in the brain is impaired, language and speech can be affected too.

It is very important that once you notice some of these ischemia symptoms and signs, you have to consult your physician immediately. Threatening complications which may be fatal can occur such as a full blown myocardial infarction (Heart attack) or cerebrovascular accident (Stroke).

When these complications occur, physical disabilities may happen and this will greatly affect one’s activities of daily living. These signs and symptoms may not be able to accurately point the occurrence of ischemia but having adequate knowledge about them can help the physician rule out the possibility of these morbid diseases.

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