Lack of energy

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Overview

Lack of energy can be described as fatigue, exhaustion, lethargy or tiredness. This may be accompanied by depression, low motivation or apathy. Lack of energy can be a normal response to poor sleep, fatigue, stress, lack of exercise or boredom.

When is part of a normal response of the body, lack of energy often resolves with sleep, rest, stress management and nutrition quality. Persistent lack of energy, which does not disappear after self-care may be an indication of a physical or psychological disorder.


Contents

1. Overview
2. Possible causes
3. Symptoms of lack of energy
4. Conditions that may underlie the lack of energy
5. Tips for a quality sleep


Possible causes

Patterns and symptoms of lack of energy can help uncover causes. If no power is present since morning and continue all day, could be caused by lack of sleep or depression.

If it gets worse and is accompanied by dry skin, constipation, sensitivity to cold, weight gain can be caused by a dysfunction of the thyroid gland. The combination of breathing difficulties and lack of energy could be due to heart or lung problems.

Persistent fatigue with no clear diagnosis could be the result of chronic fatigue syndrome, which can start with flu-like symptoms and do not improve after rest. In this case, are common and other symptoms such as cognitive difficulties, prolonged exhaustion and malaise after various activities, muscle and joint pain, sore throat, headache and inflammation of lymph nodes.

Lack of energy in itself is rarely an emergency. But will immediately call emergency services when no power is accompanied by dizziness, chest pain or pressure, confusion, loss or change in your vision, high fever, sudden increase in weight, difficulty breathing, palpitations, changing the level of consciousness or vigilance, severe pain.


Symptoms of lack of energy

Lack of energy can be accompanied by symptoms that vary depending on the disease, disorder or condition underlying it. Lack of energy is a nonspecific symptom, so identifying other symptoms could be helpful to determine its cause.

1. Cardiac and pulmonary symptoms that may occur with lack of energy:
- Abnormal heart rhythms (arrhythmias)
- Chest pain
- Cough
- Rapid heart rhythms (tachycardia)
- Shortness of breath
- Wheezing

2. Other symptoms that may accompany lack of energy, linked to other systems in the body are:
- Anxiety
- Change of appetite
- Diarrhea or other intestinal disorders
- Depression
- Fever
- Sharp sensation of thirst
- Frequent urination
- Musculoskeletal pain
- Nausea with or without vomiting
- Changes in skin
- Increase or involuntary weight loss
- Weakness

3. Serious symptoms that might indicate a condition which may put a person’s life in danger. Seek emergency care immediately if you or anyone else has any of the following symptoms:
- Suicidal behavior, irrational or where the person is a danger to self or others
- Change in level of consciousness or alertness, such as fainting or lack of reaction
- Chest pain, chest tightness, chest pressure, palpitations
- High fever
- Difficulty to urinate
- The fast heartbeat
- Breathing disorders such as shortness of breath, wheezing
- Severe pain
- Sudden disturbance of view
- Inflammation triggered suddenly or weight gain
- Vomiting blood, rectal bleeding or bloody stool.


Conditions that may underlie the lack of energy

Lack of energy can be a normal response to inadequate sleep, fatigue, stress, lack of exercise or boredom. When is part of a normal response of the body, lack of energy disappears after rest, adequate sleep, stress management and proper nutrition.

Persistent lack of energy persists after self-care may be caused by a variety of diseases, disorders or conditions.

1. Lack of energy could be caused by heart and lung problems such as:
- Asthma
- Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD includes emphysema and chronic bronchitis)
- Coronary artery disease (accumulation of plaque on the walls of the coronary arteries)
- Chronic congestive failure
- Disease of the heart valves
- Pneumonia

2. Lack of energy can be caused by psychosocial or neurological conditions such as:
- Alcohol
- Anxiety disorders
- Dementia
- Depression
- Abuse of illegal substances
- Eating disorders
- Pain
- Malaise
- Fatigue

3. Other reasons for the lack of energy. Lack of energy can be caused by diseases, disorders or conditions such as:
- Anemia
- Cancer and its treatment
- Chronic fatigue syndrome
- Diseases that involve chronic pain
- Diabetes
- Kidney or liver disease
- Infections
- Malnutrition
- Side effects of drugs
- Rheumatologic conditions such as rheumatoid arthritis or lupus
- Sleep disorders
- Thyroid disorders

4. Serious or life-threatening causes, due to lack of energy. Some serious diseases that can endanger a person’s life and require immediate evaluation in an emergency include:
- Acute decompensated heart failure
- Arrhythmia
- Drug overdose
- Electrolyte imbalances
- Hemorrhage or internal bleeding
- Severe depression
- Severe infection
- Trauma.


Tips for a quality sleep

1. Avoid watching TV, eating or discuss emotional problems in the bedroom. The bed should be used only for sleep and intimate relationships.

2. If read a book to relax, make sure it is not too stimulating. Adventures, thrillers, mysteries and action books on important topics tend to keep mind active long after you stop reading.

3. In the evening, try to diminish the child’s bedroom light (no matter how early it is) to prepare them for bed. Thus, when the room will be lit in the morning, they realize that they need to wake up.

4. Do not let pets get into your bed. When pets are noisy at night, move them to another room.

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