Lesser known causes of osteoporosis

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1. Overview

Osteoporosis is a condition characterized by a decrease in bone density and resistance, resulting in fragile bones. Bone, due to osteoporosis, is compressible, like a sponge. This condition weakens the skeleton and cause frequent fractures.

Osteopenia is a bone condition; this condition is defined by bones that have a lower density than normal, but not to the specific level of osteoporosis. Normal bone is composed of collagen, protein and calcium. This gives bone strength.

Fracture may be the consequence of breaking bones (hip fracture) or of collapse (compression fracture of the vertebrae of the spine). Bones affected by osteoporosis can fracture from minor injuries that normally would not cause fracture. People diagnosed with osteoporosis often experience fractures in the hips, ribs and wrists.


1. Overview
2. Signs and symptoms of osteoporosis
3. Lesser known causes of osteoporosis

2. Signs and symptoms of osteoporosis

People who suffer from osteoporosis may not show any symptoms in the beginning stages of the disease. The disease is difficult to diagnose until bone fractures, especially if fractures are not accompanied by manifestations of the condition. Many people are not aware of the presence of osteoporosis until they suffer a painful fracture.

Spine fractures can cause sharp pain in the back radiating to other areas of the body. Over the years, repeated spinal fractures can cause chronic pain but also loss height or curvature of the spine. Collapse provides inpatient hunched appearance in the upper back.

3. Lesser known causes of osteoporosis

Osteoporosis has a number of well-known risk factors such as low-calcium diet, inactivity, genetics, but there are other causes that may trigger the disease.

- Eating disorders. Anorexia and bulimia can cause a number of serious health problems, including osteoporosis. This is a consequence of malnutrition, excessive weight loss, severe deficiencies of calcium and decrease estrogen values, along with increased production of cortisol (stress hormone) released by the adrenal glands associated with bone loss. To prevent further damage to bones, people with eating disorders need to seek professional help as soon as possible.

- No smoking. Smoking can interfere with calcium absorption and may be a risk factor for osteoporosis. Bone health will gradually return after this harmful habit is abandoned.

- Alcohol excesses. Drinking a glass of alcohol a day will not affect bones, but a larger amount may increase risk of osteoporosis. Some studies suggest that alcohol effect on hormones is harmful for bone health.

Large amounts of alcohol can exhaust the hormones and increase cortisol levels, contributing to a serious loss of bone density. In addition, excessive alcohol consumption predisposes to frequent injuries and the possibility of fracture.

- Immobility. The bones of a person who is bedridden, for a longer period of time for various reasons, will suffer from lack of physical activity. It is necessary to discuss it with a doctor to recommend exercise and proper diet as well as a daily program that will be designed to maintain body resistance.

- Diabetes. People suffering from diabetes need to pay extra bone care, because their bone structure is more porous and prone to breaking. It will discuss the problem with a doctor to test for osteoporosis screening and treatment.

- Gastrectomy and gastric reduction surgery. After such surgery, as for weight loss or removal of part of the stomach, there is an increased risk of bone loss. In these ways could be affected the digestive ability to absorb calcium and vitamin D.

This is a complex issue because many obese people who support these types of interventions already registered deficiencies of vitamin D. Doctors can prescribe higher doses of calcium and vitamin D in these situations.

- Autoimmune disorders. Chronic inflammatory diseases such as lupus, rheumatoid arthritis, fibromyalgia predispose to the onset of osteoporosis, even if the patient follows the recommended medication.

- Kidney problems. People whose kidneys do not work properly have a higher chance of low bone mass, partly because of the effects of renal conditions on levels of vitamin D. Also, kidney disease can lead to hormonal imbalances that affect bone health.

- Glucocorticoids. These steroid drugs are prescribed to relieve various ailments such as asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, lupus, rheumatoid arthritis. The degree of damage depends on the health of the bones at the time of onset of treatment. The use of anticonvulsants has similar risks.

- Antidepressants. Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor prescribed to treat depression and sometimes pain may increase the risk of bone loss.

- Hypoparathyroidism. If this condition, one or all four parathyroid glands could no longer produce enough parathyroid hormone. Experts recommend glands surgically treat that will improve inclusive and bone health.

- Estrogen deficiency. Any drop in estrogen affects bone. Since this phenomenon is accentuated in menopause, during that time there is an acceleration of bone loss. For women who are in menopause, estrogen deficiency can be caused by ovarian failure, eating disorders, some types of chemotherapy for cancer and excessive exercise.

- Chemotherapy. Drugs used for chemotherapy are designed to kill cancer cells but can also affect other cells in the body, including the bones. The good news is that they can recover once treatment was stopped. Your doctor may prescribe calcium and vitamin D supplements during chemotherapy.



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