Like fat, blame your taste buds

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People have a strong liking for fatty food. The taste buds are to be blamed for this. According to the researchers of Washington university school of medicine, our tongue has a likeness for fat and it apparently recognizes fatty food. These researchers have discovered that there are dissimilarities in a gene and this makes individuals more or less responsive to the taste of fat. This is the initial study which has discovered a human receptor which has the capability to taste fat and this makes the individuals more or less responsive in the presence of fatty food. Individuals who possess a unique variant of CD36 gene are more responsive to the presence of fat than other individuals.

As per Nada A. Abumrad, senior investigator of Medicine and obesity research, “the main objective is to gain knowledge and understand how the perception of fat in our food influences what kind of food we eat and the quantity of fat we consume”. Further he says that an individual who made more CD36 protein can easily detect the presence of fat. A study was conducted on 21 individuals who had BMI of 30 or more. Some individuals had a genetic variant which led to the production of CD36. These participants were asked to sip three cups and taste these three different solutions. One had fatty oil and the other two cups had some oil which was fat free. The test was done many times and each time the participant recognized the fat in solution.

Earlier scientists believed that an individual identifies high fat foods only by texture, but the recent study shows that the presence of fat changes the way our tongue perceives food, just in a manner like it does for other tastes sour, sweet, salty, bitter and savory. People with BMI are at an elevated risk for cardiovascular disease, type two diabetes, arthritis and many other diseases. Presently, the rate of obesity has risen dramatically. Researchers are now conducting research and trying to figure out if the ability of individuals to detect fats in food has influence on the intake of fat, which would then have a significant impact on obesity.

According to Cancer.org, here is a list of low fat foods where you can choose from:

Dairy and dairy-like products

  • Low-fat (1%), or fat-free (skim) yogurt, cottage cheese, or low-fat milk
  • Sorbet, sherbet, gelatin ices, and low-fat or fat-free frozen yogurt
  • Neufchatel or “light” cream cheese or fat-free cream cheese
  • Fat-free American cheese or other types of fat-free cheeses

Fish, meat, and poultry

  • Egg whites or egg substitutes
  • Crab, white fish, shrimp, and light tuna (packed in water)
  • Veal, chicken and turkey breast (without skin), and lean cuts of other meats (look for “loin” in the name) – braise, roast or cook them without added fats
  • Extra lean ground beef such as ground round or ground turkey breast (check the labels)
  • Garden veggie burgers

Grains, cereals, and pastas

  • Hot (oatmeal or grits) and cold cereals (except granola types)
  • Rice or noodles (watch out for fat in sauces you may add)
  • Bagels, pita bread, or English muffins
  • Low-fat crackers
  • Soft tortillas–corn or whole wheat
  • Toast, English muffins, or bagels with jelly or honey (no butter)
  • Pretzels, soda crackers, plain breads

Fruits and vegetables

  • Fruits and fruit juices, applesauce
  • Vegetables and vegetable juices (again, watch out for fat in sauces you may add)

Snacks and sweets

  • Danish pudding and fruit pie fillings
  • Vanilla wafers, ginger snap cookies
  • Gelatin
  • Angel food cake
  • Puddings made with skim milk
  • Baked chips, tortilla or potato
  • Low-fat microwave popcorn
  • Hard and jelly candies

Other foods

  • Broth type soups with a vegetable base
  • Sauces, pudding, or shakes made with skim milk
  • Salsa
  • Light margarine and mayonnaise
  • Mustard
  • Reduced-calorie or fat-free salad dressings
  • Non-stick cooking spray

 


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