Lymphoma: Its Treatment Modalities

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Health is wealth. Health is considered to be one of the most important thing people should take good care of, because the quality of life depends on how healthy a person is able to do the tasks he is duly bounded to execute. But today, there are many factors in the environment which make people vulnerable to diseases. There are about several diseases all over the globe which affect the human race. These diseases varies in many different ways, i.e., their etiology, systems affected, and clinical manifestations, but the most significant aspect that the world should know is that, are these diseases curable with the variety of treatment we have?

What Is Lymphoma?

Lymphoma is a type of neoplasm that originates in lymphocytes (a type of white blood cell in the vertebrate immune system). It is a group of cancers that affect the cells that play a role in the immune system and primarily represents cells involved in the lymphatic system of the body. Its exact causes are unknown, but several factors have been linked to an increased risk of developing lymphoma, but it is unclear what role they play in the actual development of lymphoma. These risk factors include the following: age, infections, genetics and exposure to toxic chemicals.

Treatment of Lymphoma

This disease is considered serious, however, the good thing – it is curable. Modern medicine has been successful in developing wide range of treatment for the said disease. As in many cancers, lymphoma is most likely to be cured if it is diagnosed early and treated promptly. Treatment modalities for lymphoma are as follows:

Treatment of Lymphoma: Chemotherapy and Radiation

Combinations of chemotherapy and radiation therapy are the most widely used therapies for lymphoma. Chemotherapy uses drugs to kill cancer cells. It is called systemic therapy because the drugs travel through the bloodstream. The drugs can reach cancer cells in almost all parts of the body. Radiation therapy (also called radiotherapy) uses high-energy rays to kill non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma cells. It can shrink tumors and help control pain.

Treatment of Lymphoma: Biological Therapy

Biological therapy is used to boost the immune system to fight cancer effectively. Monoclonal antibodies are used for lymphoma. They are proteins that can bind to cancer cells to help the immune system kill lymphoma cells. Patients receive this treatment through a vein at the doctor’s clinic or hospital.

Treatment of Lymphoma: Stem Cell Transplant

Stem Cell Transplantation. It is used for persons with recurrent lymphoma. A transplant of blood-forming stem cell allows a person to receive high doses of chemotherapy, radiation therapy, or both. The high doses destroy both lymphoma cells and healthy blood cells in the bone marrow. Later, the patient receives healthy blood-forming stem cells through a flexible tube placed in a large vein in the neck or chest area. New blood cells develop from the transplanted stem cells.

The goal of medical therapy in lymphoma is complete remission. This means that all signs of the disease have disappeared after treatment.

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