Men More Prone To Type II DM Than Women

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Type II Diabetes Mellitus, often called non-insulin dependent diabetes or adult-onset diabetes, is the most common form of diabetes, affecting 90% – 95% of the 12 million men with diabetes. It was noted that men are more predisposed in developing type II diabetes compared to women even though they are at a lower body mass index (BMI) according to a new clinical study conducted by the researchers in Scotland which will be published in a scientific journal this week.

According to WHO:

346 million people worldwide have diabetes.

In 2004, an estimated 3.4 million people died from consequences of high blood sugar.

More than 80% of diabetes deaths occur in low- and middle-income countries.

WHO projects that diabetes deaths will double between 2005 and 2030.

Healthy diet, regular physical activity, maintaining a normal body weight and avoiding tobacco use can prevent or delay the onset of type 2 diabetes.

The main difference between type 1 and type 2 diabetes lies between the capabilities of the beta cells of the pancreas to produce insulin. In type 1 diabetes, the pancreas is unable to produce insulin because of several reasons. On the other hand, people with type 2 diabetes are able to produce insulin, however, their pancreas secretes is either not enough or the body is unable to recognize the insulin and use it properly.

Type 2 diabetes is multi-causal. It is likely caused by multiple factors and not a single problem. Some of these factors include age, ethnicity, family history and obesity. According to the lead researcher Professor Naveed Sattar, of the Institute of Cardiovascular & Medical Sciences at the University of Glasgow, it is known that being overweight is one factor that can cause a man to develop type II diabetes, but the findings of the new research reveal that men only have to gain less weight to develop the said condition compared to women

A statistical tool is utilized in any health research to measure the degree of nutrition status of a person, especially when it comes to determining whether a person is already obese. This tool is known as the BMI (Body Mass Index). It is calculated by dividing the person’s weight in kilograms by their height is meter squared.

The data from the study including 51,920 men and 43, 137 women who were residents of Scotland and diagnosed to have type II diabetes were analyzed and their BMI rates within one year of diagnosis were compared. Other factors that might affect the study were also taken into account such as age, smoking, and ethnicity. The results of the data analysis state that the mean BMI of women diagnosed with type II diabetes was 33.69 as to the 31.83 mean BMI of the males.

Sattar explained that the results imply that men are more prone to developing type II diabetes. Unlike with men, fats are distributed around the body of females which make them able to develop type II diabetes at higher rates of their BMI.

Through this study, people are given with an additional insight regarding type II diabetes and men being more susceptible in developing the said condition.

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