Morbid obesity

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Body mass index is a formula involving an individual’s height and weight and which serves as a screening tool for assessing body fat.

People who have BMI (Body Mass Index) between:
- 18.5-24.9 is normal weight
- 25-29.9 are overweight
- 30-39.9 are obese
- Over 40 suffer from morbid obesity.

The main cause of morbid obesity may be determined by the low ratio between physical activity and energy level of an individual, but research has shown that drugs, genetics and trauma can be primary or contributing factors in its emergence.


1. Overview
2. Obese children
3. Obese teens

Obese children

Health risks – Obese children face serious health risks. In these cases there twice more chances to develop type 2 diabetes compared with other children, and recent studies have shown that inactivity negatively affect neurological development in obese children.

Causes – Obese children are often victims of aggressive advertising of food and drinks fast-food type. Lack of home cooked preparations and exercise can be other reasons for the recent flow of childhood obesity. Because fat cells are formed and disappear easily obese children keeps hard the overweight in adulthood.

Children and bariatric surgery – For obese children, bariatric surgery is not an option. Constant exercise must become routine, and the whole family should have a healthy lifestyle.

Obese teens

Obese adolescents often experience social and health problems as a result of their weight. The health problems include increased risk of developing serious illnesses, which can be life threatening, including type 2 diabetes, asthma, and other medical problems.

Regarding the social effects, studies have found that depression is common among obese adolescents who are socially isolated and marginalized by their peers.

Restrictive diets – is unrealistic that obese teens to lose weight with the same diet and exercise routine that works for obese men and women. Restrictive diets are often ineffective for obese adolescents. Teens who follow restrictive diets gain weight on long term.

Lifestyle changes – A more effective way to lose some weight for obese adolescents is lifestyle change. They must be educated about wise food choices while enjoying the teenage lifestyle.

Obese adolescents should be encouraged to participate and enjoy physical activity. For obese children and adolescents is important to be with their family in this process, including involvement in physical activities but also through a healthy lifestyle. The best approach for them is weight loss, be it surgery or diet and exercise.

Bariatric surgery – Many surgeons believe that young people do not have the necessary maturity to make the right decision in this regard, such as for example, accepting accountability complications of surgery for weight loss. However in some cases, more serious, obese adolescents have enjoyed the benefits of successful bariatric surgery.



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