Mystery of the Opium Poppy Medicine

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Researchers have exposed precisely how opium poppies generate a non-addictive which can suppress coughs as well as kill the cancer cell, paving a way for enhanced production of drugs. Opium poppies are considered to be the source of illicit heroin and are even significant for generating codeine and morphin along with noscapine. This has been applied for decades like a cough suppressant. Additionally the investigators have also discovered nospine which is a potent anti cancer agent that prompts the experimental tests into its role in defending the blood cancer. The discovery which clusters 10 genes is accountable for the synthesis of nospine within the poppies means that plant breeders can now generate high yielding varieties. It might also aid the researchers generate the medicine in factories in coming future.

The conclusions by the investigators from University of York as well as Glaxosmithkline were printed in the periodical Science.

Economical and cost effective:

GSK which is British based is a main producer of opium based component, which supplies around 20% of the world’s drug opiate requirements from poppies which are grown by farmers from Tasmania. The actual fact is that the genes linked with noscapine are clustered mutually and this makes the life very easier for the plant breeders who can make use of this information to generate high-yielding commercial poppies. Opposite to the illegal opium generation, in nations like Afghanistan where harvesting takes place by hands, the result is that the commercial pharmaceutical generation is largely merchandised.  Here the farmers make use of chemical synthesis and biotechnology. The plant of poppy is very efficient at generating these elements.

Noscapine was initially found in early 19th century and since then it has been used in suppressing coughs. However the interest in the element grew from the year 1988.



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