Necessary vaccines for adults

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1. Overview


Vaccines provide protection for various serious or potentially fatal diseases. What are the most necessary vaccines for adults?

This can be unclear, especially for people who have already been vaccinated in childhood.

Below are a number of vaccines recommended by experts, to control and prevent some diseases.


Contents

1. Overview
2. The flu vaccine – for seasonal flu
3. Pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine
4. Combined vaccine: diphtheria, tetanus, acellular pertussis – DTaP
5. Vaccine against human papillomavirus (HPV)
6. Vaccine against hepatitis
7. Vaccine against hepatitis B


2. The flu vaccine – for seasonal flu

- Who needs this vaccine – Influenza vaccine is recommended for most adults. Vaccination is especially important for people with chronic diseases or compromised immune systems, for those who work in medical facilities, living in health care institutions, living with anyone who has a high risk of developing flu complications (children under the age of five, for example). The injectable flu vaccine is also recommended for pregnant women.

- When it will be administrated – Ideally, influenza vaccine should be administered in October or November.

- Contraindications – Influenza vaccine is not recommended for people allergic to eggs, those who have an allergic reaction to a previous flu shot or those who are sick. Those who have ever had Guillian-Barre syndrome, should consult their doctor before taking this vaccine.


3. Pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine

- Who needs this vaccine – Pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine should be administered to persons who are older than 65, those suffering from chronic illnesses or weakened immune systems, those who underwent a splenectomy, those living in health care institutions for a long period of time or those who smoke.

- When it will be administrated – This type of vaccine can be administrated anytime. People who are under 65 will receive a second dose, but only if they have a specific health condition and received the first dose after five or more years.

Individuals who are at least 65 years old and received the first dose of vaccine before the age of 65 years (five or more years ago), with a weakened immune system, manifest kidney disease, suffered an organ or bone marrow transplant or have undergone a splenectomy might receive a second dose of vaccine.

- Contraindications – The vaccine is not recommended for people who have experienced an allergic reaction to a previous vaccination against pneumonia or being sick when they want to vaccinate.


4. Combined vaccine: diphtheria, tetanus, acellular pertussis – DTaP

- Who needs the vaccine – one dose of DTaP vaccine is recommended for all adults aged between 19 and 65 years, regardless of when it was done the last vaccine or which type vaccine was used previously.

Vaccination is especially important for those who have suffered injuries that may infect, for those who have close contact with infants, women who give birth and have never been injected with this vaccine, those who wish to become pregnant or employees in medical facilities. Adults who are older than 65 years should take this vaccine if they have never been injected with it until that moment and will come into contact with children under 12 months.

- When it will be administrated – This type of vaccine will be given to those who have not received complete vaccination against tetanus and diphtheria or those who have not ever done this vaccine. A second dose of this vaccine will be inoculated to four weeks after the first dose and the third after 6-12 weeks after the second dose. The booster will be made every 10 years.

- Contraindications – The vaccine is not recommended for those who suffered allergic reactions to previous doses, for pregnant women, for those who have had seizures or coma. The vaccine is also contraindicated seven days after a previous pertussis vaccination or if the person is sick at the moment of the vaccination. Also, those who suffer from epilepsy or have had Gullain-Barre syndrome should consult the doctor before receive this vacccine.


5. Vaccine against human papillomavirus (HPV)

- Who needs this vaccine – Any person who is younger than 26 years and received the vaccine in adolescence. In men, this vaccine helps prevent genital warts and reduce transmission of the virus that can cause cervical cancer in women.

- When it will be administrated – A patient can receive a vaccine dose at any time; the second dose should be administered two months after the first dose and the third dose six months after the first.

- Contraindications – HPV vaccine is not recommended for people allergic to latex or yeast, those who have had an allergic reaction to a previous dose of the same vaccine, pregnant women or if the person is sick at the moment of vaccination.


6. Vaccine against hepatitis

- Who needs the vaccine – It is recommended that hepatitis A vaccine to be administered to people who want to protect themselves from the disease, those who have blood clotting disorders, manifest chronic hepatitis, have an active sex life, those who use different injectors, those who could be exposed to hepatitis A or traveling to other parts of the world where the disease is common.

- When it will be administrated – Hepatitis A vaccine can be received at any time. It will take the next dose 18 months after the first.

- Contraindications – Vaccination against hepatitis A is not recommended for those who have had an allergic reaction to a previous dose of vaccine or who are sick at the moment of vaccination.


7. Vaccine against hepatitis B

- Who needs this vaccine – This vaccine is recommended for people who want to protect themselves from hepatitis B, have an active sex life, use drug by injection, follow treatment involving hemodialysis, workers in health units, for those who live with a person who has a chronic infection with hepatitis B or those who travel to different parts of the world where hepatitis B is a common disease.

- When it will be administrated – Hepatitis B vaccine can be administrated at any time. The second dose will be one month after the first, and the third at least two months after the second and at least four months after the first dose.

- Contraindications – Vaccination against hepatitis B is not recommended for people allergic to yeast, those who have had an allergic reaction to a previous dose of vaccine or who are sick at the moment of vaccination.

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