Newly found malaria species worry researchers; say will harder fight against malaria epidemic

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According to a recent study conducted by researchers from Imperial college of London, two physically identical Anopheles gambiae mosquitoes, bacterial agents of malaria also known as M and S and found in sub-Saharan Africa, have evolved into two genetically different species, an evolution that worries researchers towards impending dangers in fight against malaria epidemic.

The researchers found that these mosquitoes are diverging into two physically indistinguishable M and S forms. Though, they are able to interbreed, they have different DNA patterns. Different from their behavioral patterns, these mosquitoes are able to breed in any different habitats.

There speedy evolution in transformation has arisen a need to monitor their genetically different strains closely, say researchers. They are also worried by the fact that one strategy against the first strain of mosquito won’t be effective for another just because of their genetic difference.

They are of opinion that all the two strains of mosquitoes need to be closely monitored and their hidden genetic evolution needs to be identified so as to pave the path of bringing the epidemic under control.

Highlighting deadly effect of malaria, Professor George Christophides who is heading the division of cell and molecular biology at Imperial College London in England, said in a press release issued by the college that millions of people including African children are affected by malaria and so, the solution to control this epidemic is to control the agents that carry disease.

“With the study, we now have understood evolution of mosquitoes that carry malaria and consequently can find new ways to prevent the epidemic from infecting people,” he quoted as saying.

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