Recent Malaria Breakthrough, How the Parasite Survives

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Up to this date, many communicable diseases are still considered as a major health problem and health threat to other nations especially in states where these communicable diseases have been prevalent for most of the time.

The World Health Organization (WHO) and other health oriented organizations are on the peak of their campaign to eradicate the existence of these communicable diseases in various nations through different measures and strategies which have been develop in order to boost the immune system of the general public and lessen the number of individuals who are getting infected.

The CDC says that “Malaria is a mosquito-borne disease caused by a parasite. People with malaria often experience fever, chills, and flu-like illness. Left untreated, they may develop severe complications and die. In 2008, an estimated 190 – 311 million cases of malaria occurred worldwide and 708,000 – 1,003,000 people died, most of them young children in sub-Saharan Africa.”

Malaria which is one of the most talked about communicable disease has been affecting many localities of various states especially those with mountainous and humid environment. Researchers are still continuing to conduct further researches in order to fully understand the disease process of malaria. In fact, a new way has been identified by the researchers in terms of how the parasite which is causing malaria survives in the human blood.

The cases of malaria have been declining in the past through the extensive health interventions done by many health professionals and government states. These measures include improving access to antimalarial drugs and the use of insecticides which kills the mosquito that harbors the parasite causing malaria. However, the number of cases of individuals being affected by malaria still remains high, most especially among children in sub-Saharan Africa.

The reports were noted in the journal Nature Communications. According to the researchers of the study, they have discovered genes present in the parasite causing malaria which is the Plasmodium falciparum that produces an enzyme needed for these parasites to grow and develop in the human body. This enzyme is known as the kinase – a vital enzyme which has a great function for the life cycle of the parasite.

Moreover, the results of the new study paved way for a more advance clinical studies which in the long run can lead to a better treatment regimen considered to be effective and safe against the debilitating parasite that causes malaria. Researchers and health care professionals are now using the findings of the study to find new drugs and medications which can be used in order to kill the parasite in the human blood by haltering or stopping the enzyme kinase from doing its action.

 

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