Researchers Found Multiple Sclerosis Affecting Other Parts of the Brain

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Many studies have been conducted in order to know and have a deeper understanding on the disease process of various diseases. Researchers’ attentions are focused on indentifying the risk factors of the disease, the mechanism on how the disease is initiated in the body, and the specific body part affected by the disease. For this reason, diseases are grouped into specific systems in order for the general public to understand simply the diseases which affects a specific organ. One of the most delicate systems that are affected by certain diseases is the nervous system which is composed of the brain and the spinal cord. The neurologic diseases which are commonly observed among individuals include multiple sclerosis, and a lot has already been known about this disease.

However, according to a new research, there is something yet that is unknown in this disease, and that is its presence in other parts of the brain. This is because of the known fact that multiple sclerosis only affects the myelin sheath – a part of the nervous system responsible for the protection of the nerve cells.

The new study which was published in the recent edition of The Journal of Neuroscience involved the analysis and evaluation of data gathered from about 109 patients with known multiple sclerosis. Also, the researchers included in the study an additional of 255 individuals who do not have the disease.

In the analysis of data, researchers used a precise imaging scan known as the powerful 3 Tessla MRI scanner. Through the use of the machine, researchers were able to compare the brains of those study participants who are manifesting the disease as to those study participants who do not have the disease.

Researchers found out that those study participants who have multiple sclerosis had less volume of a specific part of the brain known as the thalamus. These findings were compared to the control group of the study. In addition, the degree of the less volume founds on the thalamus of those individuals who had the disease varied from the severity of their multiple sclerosis.

Moreover, to one of the lead researcher, Khader M. Hasan, Ph.D., associate professor, he said: “the thalami are losing cellular content and we can use this as a marker of what’s going on. If we can find a way to detect the disease earlier in a more vulnerable population, we could begin treatment sooner.”

 

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