Rising Obesity Rate Caused By Brain Mechanism?

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The World Health Organization says that “Overweight and obesity are defined as abnormal or excessive fat accumulation that presents a risk to health. A crude population measure of obesity is the body mass index (BMI), a person’s weight (in kilograms) divided by the square of his or her height (in metres). A person with a BMI of 30 or more is generally considered obese. A person with a BMI equal to or more than 25 is considered overweight.”

A periodical which is written by University of Cincinnati diabetes investigators is to be printed on 7th Feb. It will be published in the periodical of Cell Metabolism which will throw light on various biological factors that contribute to the mounting rates of obesity. Along with this it will also debate over the strategies to trim down the body weight. As per the Centre for Disease Control in US, nearly one third of the US adults are overweight and the figure continues to mount. While many of us might not think this way, but the fact is that the body weight influences the biological systems. A part of this is what makes it difficult for the individuals to lose and shed off their weight.

One should discover how the environmental changes the biological systems and encourages the weight gain. By understanding this he will recognize the obesity epidemic. A main component of the environment which encourages the weight gain is the accessibility and consumption of high calorie, fat food. Specifically whatever the individuals eat can change the regions of the brain thereby regulating the body weight. Leptin is the principle hormone which is discharged by the adipose tissue or the fat tissue and the principle function of Leptin is to inhibit appetite.

Through the molecular mechanism, consuming a high calorie diet diminishes the activity of Leptin in the brain. Weight gain and increased food intake is a result of this miscommunication. The principle issue is to discover ways and ascertain how the biological systems make it difficult to shed weight and make them function so that it becomes easier for the overweight individuals to trim down their weight. The researchers understand the association of molecular interaction amid the consumption of food and brain circuits. This has made essential to design the interventions which can help in shedding off the weight, which our bodies defend.




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