Scurvy is a disease which causes bleeding in the gums, swelling of the gums and leads to spots on the skin. It is the bleeding from the mucus membrane and the spots are usually on the thighs and legs. The person suffering with this disease usually looks pale, tired, immobilized and feels depressed. In advanced scurvy there is open suppurating wounds and loss of teeth. Scurvy is the oldest disease and was once found in sailors, pirates and fishermen who could not have fresh fruits and vegetables and depended upon stored food.
Scurvy is rarely present in adults; it usually affects children and elderly people. Vitamin C is cracked by the process called pasteurization. Babies who are fed with normal bottled milk usually suffer with scurvy, if the milk does not have enough vitamin supplements in it. Heat and pasteurization destroys vitamin C and thus boiling the baby milk will kill the effects of vitamins, human milk has vitamins in abundance, lactating mothers too should have adequate intake of vitamins to feed the baby.
The disease of scurvy arises due to malnutrition too. People in areas who have to depend on external food aid are usually affected with this disease. Symptoms of this disease differs from person to person, it starts with the spots on the skin then, the gums become swollen with pain and itchiness, and in extreme stages the gums would start to bleed. Bleeding of the gums is painful and the diet of the person automatically reduces, patients become weak, pale and the teeth start to become soft and loose.
This disease is caused only by the deficiency of vitamin C and nothing else, in olden days there was a misconception that scurvy is due to intake of fish, meat and salt whereas the study reveals that it is nothing but due to lack of vitamin C in the body, thus abundance of Vitamin C can cure scurvy.