We may have all become aware of what cysts are—basically these are cavities which develop usually in the subcutaneous or dermis layer of our skin. These cysts are fluid filled and what is inside these cysts are various in composition—depending on the type of cysts that develop. Sometimes, it only contains nothing but fluid, oftentimes, it may contain oil, and a lot of other things too.
But then cysts do not develop all the time in obvious areas which are palpable by our palms and areas obvious to our naked eyes. Oftentimes, these cysts may develop inside our body cavities and for females, cysts do develop especially in the ovaries and structures adjacent to it.
How Ovarian Cysts Develop?
Most ovarian cysts occur due to hormonal problems. A woman is expected to ovulate each month releasing an egg out into the fallopian tube. However, with some hormonal changes some of these ovarian follicles do not progress to ovulate and burst—this leads to an “impacted” form of ovum. This ovum may continue to grow in size and affect the overall functioning of the reproductive system.
What Happens With Rupturing Ovarian Cysts?
Many women may have ovarian cysts but may not be aware of their presence—until these the rupturing ovarian cysts start to manifest.
Severe pelvic pain may occur with rupturing ovarian cysts. As the cysts start to burst, the level of pain also increases… and once the rupturing has ended, the pain becomes dull and enduring.
Pain also increases in activities where the pelvic muscles and organs are exerting pressure i.e., during sexual intercourse, defecation and straining, standing from a squatting position and getting out of bed.
Menstrual period can also be more painful than usual and apart from that, a woman may experience light spotting to heavy bleeding in between periods. This may also be accompanied with a cramping pain in the pelvic area like that of dysmenorrheal.
Rupturing ovarian cysts will also usually cause nausea and vomiting, body weakness and lowered blood pressure (indicating hemorrhage).
Complications of Rupturing Ovarian Cysts
When unmanaged, hemorrhage becomes the number one complication of ruptured ovarian cysts. Also, the ovaries may experience torsion due to the twisted formation of the ovarian follicles which may lead to infertility. This is attributed to an impaired blood supply to the ovarian tissues leading to cell and tissue death.
Treatment of Rupturing Ovarian Cysts
Ovarian cysts may pose life threatening complications therefore, immediate hospitalization may be necessary. IV lines can be started and sonographic evidences may be required to determine the extent of damage and hemorrhage for that matter.
Furthermore, antibiotics can be started in order to prevent possible infection and contamination of the adjacent reproductive organs, otherwise, permanent infertility can take place.
With excessive hemorrhage, surgery may be necessary in order to evacuate the blood components and cysts in order to prevent further damage to the pelvic cavity.
Rupturing ovarian cysts are not something which should be taken lightly. In fact it is a medical emergency. Be aware of these common signs of rupture in order to get the most immediate and non-complicated treatment.