Spasmophilia

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1. What is spasmophilia?


Spasmophilia is a symptom characterized by muscle cramps, spasms or tremors. These repetitive actions occur when muscles contract uncontrollably.

Spasmophilia can occur in any muscle of the body (from the face muscle to fingers or legs muscles). Muscle cramps associated with spasmophilia can be long and painful.


Contents

1. What is spasmophilia?
2. Spasmophilia and calcium levels
3. What other symptoms could accompany spasmophilia?
4. What causes spasmophilia?
5. What are the potential complications of spasmophilia?


2. Spasmophilia and calcium levels

A common cause of spasmophilia is very low level of calcium in the body. The medical term used to describe this situation is hypocalcemia. There are various causes which vary in terms of severity.

Spasmophilia serious causes include severe diarrhea and kidney disease. Thyroid dysfunction or pancreas can cause low levels of calcium can cause spasmophilia. Pregnancy, lactation, malnutrition, vitamin D deficiency and some medications can cause hypocalcemia and thus spasmophilia.

In some cases, spasmophilia can be a symptom of serious disease. It will require immediate emergency care if a person has difficulty speaking and other serious symptoms such as loss of consciousness, vomiting, severe headache, mood changes, personality and behavior.


3. What other symptoms could accompany spasmophilia?

Spasmophilia may be accompanied by other symptoms that vary depending on the underlying causes of the condition or disorder. Symptoms that frequently affect muscles may involve other systems of the body.

Some common manifestations which can occur with spasmophilia include:
- Abdominal pain or cramps;
- Chronic or persistent diarrhea;
- Grimacing;
- Malaise or lethargy;
- Discomfort or muscle pain;
- Numbness;
- Shortness of breath or difficulty breathing;
- Tingling or other unusual sensations in the hands or feet;
- Twitching or trembling of the fingers.

Symptoms that may indicate a serious condition that should be immediately evaluated in an emergency setting could include:
- Fainting or changing the level of consciousness or lethargy;
- Loss of muscle coordination;
- Changes or vision loss;
- Paralysis;
- Convulsions;
- Severe headache;
- Slurred speech;
- Sudden shortness of memory, thinking, speaking, understanding, writing and reading;
- Sudden weakness or numbness on one side of the body;
- Vomiting.


4. What causes spasmophilia?

A common cause of spasmophilia is the low level of calcium in the body or hypocalcemia due to several reasons:
- Abuse of alcohol;
- Alkalosis (high blood pH);
- Hyperventilation;
- Hypocalcemia;
- Hypoparathyroidism;
- Malnutrition;
- Adverse effects of drugs;
- Pancreatitis;
- Pregnancy and breastfeeding;
- Deficiency of vitamin D.

In some cases, spasmophilia can be a symptom of a serious disease or that could endanger a person’s life and which should be evaluated in a medical emergency. These include:
- Acute renal failure;
- Acute pancreatitis;
- Stroke.


5. What are the potential complications of spasmophilia?

Because spasmophilia can cause serious conditions, delaying treatment can lead to serious complications and permanent damage. Once the main cause has been diagnosed it is important to follow the treatment plan recommended by your doctor to reduce the risk of possible complications, such as:
- Brain damage;
- Renal failure;
- Failure or organ dysfunction;
- Paralysis;
- Loss of consciousness and coma.

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