Summer dangers for skin

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Many people spend the majority of summer days outdoor. Summer is time for family holidays, meetings at the grill, outdoor sports and excursions to the sea or mountains. No matter where you are, the sun can damage the skin.

Here are some of the most common hazards in the summer and what you can do to prevent and treat them.


1. Overview
2. Rash due to excessive heat
3. Sunburns
4. Insect Bites
5. Plant poisoning
6. Melasma
7. Acne

Rash due to excessive heat

The result of blocking the sweat glands, irritation caused by heat or sudamina that has the appearance of small bumps that are usually on body areas covered by clothes. The rash most often affects children and adults, especially in hot, humid climates.

Manifestations often disappear on their own. To alleviate symptoms will put cold compresses on the skin, also taking cold baths, let the skin to dry at the air and avoid applying any lotions. If your child’s skin is irritable to touch, will be treated with calamine or by applying an hydrocortisone cream.


In case of sunburns, the skin turns into red, painful blisters appear and the skin can exfoliate. Sunburns can cause premature aging and can lead to skin cancer. The best protection against this kind of burns is to limit the time the skin is exposed to sunlight. Here are some ways to protect skin from sun damage:

- Apply cream generously to all areas of the skin that are exposed to the sun, about 30 minutes before going outdoor. Choose a sunscreen with SPF of at least 30
- Reapply sunscreen every two hours while you are in the sun after swimming or perspire
- Wear a wide-brimmed hat and sunglasses
- Use a lip balm with SPF 30 or higher
- Limit sun exposure between 11 and 14 o’clock
- If you have a burn caused by the sun, to relieve discomfort, apply a moisturizer or cortisone cream.

Insect Bites

From mosquitoes to spiders, insects in summer can cause itching, inflammation and pain. Mosquitoes are not just annoying: scratching bitten area may lead to local infection of the skin. Mosquitoes can carry the West Nile virus, dengue and other diseases.

In order to protect yourself from mosquitoes, use insect nets on doors and windows. If you choose to sit outside, use repellents in the form of solutions or creams. Avoid sitting with your feet sinked into water in the yard.

Here are other ways you can prevent the insects to spoil outdoor fun:

- Avoid areas with bushes and tall grass. If you have to go through that area, wear pants, long sleeve shirts
- Wear brightly colored clothing or use perfume when you go outdoors
- Use mosquito spray when you go into wooded areas. Its active ingredients provides protection against insects
- Make it a point to check if you have ticks or any bites on your body after being outdoor
- If you were bitten by insects, treat immediately to ease the discomfort. A cold compress or ice will help reduce swelling
- To relieve insect bites, use calamine lotion, creams without a prescription cortisone or antihistamines.

Plant poisoning

Step on the wrong foot in nature, in the summer and you will pay an unfair price. If you will intoxicate or poison ivy, oak or sumac, the symptoms are the same: itchy skin, a red rash and blisters. Reaction will occur when these plant oils comes in contact with your skin.

The best way to prevent a rash of this kind is to learn how the plants looks like and to know how to avoid them. If you take contact with a poisonous plant, wash your skin with cold water immediately. Be sure to clean your nails with care not to spread the oils on the other parts of the body and wash your clothes with hot water in order to remove remained oil.

When preventive measures do not work, use these tips to relieve itching skin caused by poisonous plants:

- Apply cold compresses to the skin
- Take a warm bath in which you use a product with oatmeal or aluminum acetate
- Use soothing lotions, cortisone creams and antihistamines without a prescription
- Call your doctor if you have fever, rash that appears infected, severe rash or if rash occurs on the lips, eyes, face or genital area.


Characteristic of melasma are discolored portions of skin, brown coloured, whose appearance is influenced by the level of hormones. Therefore, pregnancy and birth control pills can trigger melasma and sun exposure will worsen.

Usually this skin condition appears on the cheeks, lips, nose, forehead or upper lip, on both sides of the face. Stay away from the sun when its rays are strongest, between 11 to 14. Dim specific areas of melasma, by using products that help whiten skin without a prescription, which may contain licorice, vitamin C, kojic acid, soy or retinol. By exfoliating dead skin cells can eliminate pigmentation and can even change color.


Sweat can bring bacteria on the skin and the pores can clog, which will cause acne in the back, chest and arms. Solutions used to clean skin with salicylic acid to unplug pores and bacteria. Avoid using creams which can irritate skin and acne will get worse.

Salicylic acid creams are suitable for local treatment of mild acne. Benzoyl peroxide works pretty well, but may discolor fabrics.

Do not wash too. Eruptions of the skin aren’t equal with dirty body. You should learn that excessive cleaning does not help drying. In response, the sebaceous glands produce more oily substances that can clog pores even more.

Do not squeeze pimples and not touch them, to reduce the risk of infection and healing.



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