Threats of Preeclampsia To Moms and Babies

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Most pregnant mothers are at risk of developing preeclampsia or also known as pregnancy induced hypertension. This disease should not be taken for granted because it can put a great risk on the life not only of the mother, but of the fetus she is bearing inside her. Series of diagnostic tests are already established in order to diagnose this disease among pregnant mothers. This includes series of blood tests which can tell whether the mother is suffering from the disease, according to a new study.

The new study was reported in Berlin in the American Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology by the scientists from Charité Universitätsmediz. The study involves assessment of about 630 pregnant women. The examination was to determine whether these pregnant women suffer from preeclampsia. The findings reveal that about one hundred sixty-four (164) are suffering from preeclampsia and the remaining figures – 388 women have a healthy and normal pregnancy.

Preeclampsia or toxemia of pregnancy is a condition which can be determine through three (3) parameters. These parameters include high blood pressure, proteinuria or protein present in the urine, and edema. In most instances, pregnant mothers with preeclampsia need continuous and comprehensive assessment of their blood pressure and urine in order to determine significant changes that might result to a problematic outcome. Although, other mothers are advised by the doctors to be hospitalize for monitoring.

Mild pre-eclampsia can affect up to 10% of first-time pregnancies. More severe pre-eclampsia can affect 1-2% of pregnancies. If a mother had a preeclampsia before, there is a greater chance that she will be having it again on the second pregnancy.

The scientists, who were involved in the research, take into close monitoring those mothers who were diagnosed to have preeclampsia. They are to determine duration of pregnancy of these mothers through the measurement of two placenta-derived growth factors: the sFlt-1 and PlGF. The scientists said that if the values of these certain placental growth factors go beyond a certain value, the duration of pregnancy will be radically shorter. The findings show that those women with high levels of the certain placental growth factors have delivery for within 48 hours.

“With this test we can assess the severity of preeclampsia and give a short-term prognosis of the disease course”, explains Dr: Verlohren.

Although, additional researches should be established in order to determine the validity and efficacy of the test. This test will be especially important for those mothers who suffer from preeclampsia because it can determine the duration of how long the pregnancy will occur.

According to the National Institutes of Medicine, Although there is no known way to prevent preeclampsia, it is important for all pregnant women to start prenatal care early and continue it through the pregnancy. This allows the health care provider to find and treat conditions such as preeclampsia early.

Proper prenatal care is essential. At each pregnancy checkup, yor health care provider will check your weight, blood pressure, and urine (through a urine dipstick test) to screen you for preeclampsia.




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